You can buy the DVD with everything or request specific titles: Please contact Mark Berhow (berhowma@comcast.net) for details

A PDF file listing all the files available in the CDSG documents DVD can be downloaded here.

Annual Reports of the Chief of Engineers (ARCE) 1866-1922: Extracts related to fortification construction

  • At the conclusion of each fiscal year, the chief of engineers submitted a written report to the secretary of war, covering the military operations of the Corps of Engineers, work on fortifications, and rivers and harbor improvement. These reports, especially in the Endicott Era, are basic resources for anyone researching seacoast defenses. Until 1922, these reports were published in the annual report of the secretary of war. We have photocopied the portions of these reports, from 1866 through 1922, which deal with fortifications, and these photocopies are now available from the CDSG Press as PDFs on a CD-ROM. Since the volumes that were copied do not belong to us, it was not possible to take the books apart, and so the photocopies are not of the standard that would be offered by a professional service. In addition, some of the volumes have plates much larger than the photocopy machines. These large plates were usually copied in sections, although in a few cases, they proved impossible to copy. 26 reports, 330 MB.

Annual Reports of the Chief of Artillery/Coast Artillery 1901-1937

  • At the conclusion of each fiscal year, the chief of artillery (1901-1907) and chief of coast artillery (1908-1937) submitted a written report to the secretary of war, covering the military operations of the Corps of Artillery/Coast Artillery. These reports are basic resources for anyone researching seacoast defenses. We have photocopied these reports, from 1901 through 1937 and these photocopies are now available from the CDSG Press as PDFs on a CD-ROM. 15 files, 622 pages, 60 MB

Proceedings of the Board of Engineers: 1887-1905

  • The National Archives in Washington, D.C., (Archives I), has three boxes of typewritten proceedings of the Board of Engineers, 1887-1905, in Record Group 77, Entry 462. This Board of Engineers was the continuation of the board created in 1816 to oversee the Third System of Fortifications. Until the creation of a chief of artillery in 1901, the board had virtually sole responsibility for fortification planning. In addition, for some years the board was also responsible for river and harbor improvements. However, the National Archives does not have the proceedings for all the years the board was in existence. For fortifications, the record largely stops at the end of 1905. The CDSG now has available PDFs of the proceedings from 1887 through 1905, excepting only those that deal solely with rivers and harbors or otherwise fail to offer any useful information on fortifications. A file this large requires some sort of finding aid. A rough listing of the fortification material has been put together that can be searched for a specific location or subject. It is linked here: Board of Engineers Proceedings Finding Aid, and will be included on the CD. In general, it shows where actual information on a specific harbor can be found, without listing every instance where a harbor was only mentioned, without details. Following the practice of the board, references to the artillery defense of a harbor are separate from those referring to the submarine mine and searchlight defenses. There are a number of general references to mines, as well as ammunition hoists, gun and mortar batteries, and fire control. We have photocopied these proceedings, from 1887 through 1905 and these photocopies are now available from the CDSG Press as PDFs on a CD-ROM. 16 files, 83 MB, 1814 pages.

Coast Artillery Tables of Organization and Equipment (TOEs)

  • 105 files 119 MB with title list; TABLES OF ALLOWANCES, TABLES OF BASIC ALLOWANCES, TABLES OF EQUIPMENT, TABLES OF ORGANIZATION / ORGANIZATION & EQUIPMENT

Ordnance Dept. Gun and Carriage Cards:

  • We have now scanned the Ordnance Department gun and carriage record cards. These cards, organized by caliber with individual entries by serial number, contain information on the transfer (from location to location) and often the ultimate fate (scrapped, sent to a town, sent to the proving ground, etc.) of individual guns and carriages during their service life. The cards cover roughly the period 1900-1945. The gun card collection has been OCRed and is generally searchable by text for particular locations. Be aware that several cards are on a single 8 x 14 page and that some are arranged sideways or up side down, which may not have been correctly OCRed. We have the individual files by caliber and weapon type, as well as one file that contains all the gun and carriage cards for easier text searching. The Gun and Carriage card PDF file will be an invaluable addition to a researcher record files. They are currently available on CD or DVD from the CDSG ePress on the the CDSG web site www.cdsg.org. The files are organized by caliber both for guns and carriages: 3-, 4-, 4.7-, 5-, 6-, 7-, 8-, 10-, 12-, 12 (M)-, 14-, 16-inch guns. 25 files, 206 MB, 500 pages of cards.

Maps 1921 series plus others (Confidential Blueprint series, reversed from original negatives, black lines on white background)

Battery Drawings (RCW Form 7s) of the U.S. Harbor Defenses

  • (various dates 1900-1944, reversed from original negatives, black lines on white background)

 

Artillery Unit History Cards:

The artillery unit cards/documents, which contain data on the companies, batteries, battalions, and regiments of the Coast Artillery Corps from the Adjutant General’s military records, and the engineer mimeograph series which detail many of the construction observations and updates deemed to be of general interest to all engineer officers working on seacoast defense construction. The unit cards cover some 116 files covering a large number of coast artillery regiments and other units such as harbor defense commands, the separate Panama, Philippines and Hawaii commands, mine planter batteries, sound ranging batteries, headquarter units, and more.

 

Engineer Mimeographs:

The engineer mimeographs were the output of the Office of the Chief of Engineers in connection with the building of the seacoast defense fortifications from roughly 1900 to 1920. The 146 files covering Mimeographs 1 to 139 (Nos. 6, 7, and 8 are missing) cover a great deal of information on the ins and outs of emplacement designs, communication, fire control, searchlights, mines, etc. The series comes with a contemporary idea of both titles and content.

 

BOARD REPORTS AND OTHER REPORTS

  • The Report of the Board on Fortifications or Other Defenses, (the Endicott Board Report) 1886 (Volume 1 only):
  • Coast Defenses of the United States and the Insular Possessions, (the Taft Board Report) 1906
    Report of the Board of Review of the War Department, Coast Defenses of the United States, the Panama Canal, and the Insular Possessions, 1915
  • Memorandum from the Chief of Staff: Determination of the Garrisons, Stations, and Real Estate Needed for Harbor Defense Purposes, 1923
  • Memorandum from the Chief of Staff: Harbor Defenses in the Continental United States, 1931
  • Abandonment of harbor defense posts no longer required for seacoast defense, series of letters from Adjutant General’s Office, 1940, including exhibit A: proposed revision of the harbor defense projects, and exhibit B: coast artillery posts which are no longer required for seacoast defense purposes
  • Report of the War Department Seacoast Defense Armament Board, 22 July 1946, Rollin F. Tilton, BG, Chairman (The Tilton Board Report)
  • Reports of Completed Works, Seacoast Fortifications, letters from the Office of the Chief of Engineers, 1919, 1921, 1927, 1935
  • Army Ground Forces Board on Coast Defense Needs for Current War 21 Jul 45
  • German Seacoast Defenses, European Theater 20 Dec 45 (PARTIAL COPY!!)
  • Trends in Seacoast Defense, Plans and Operations 8 May 47
  • Study on Seacoast Artillery, Plans and Operations 8 Aug 47
  • Misc. Documents: Disbandment of Coast Artillery 1948

OTHER REPRINTS

  • The Evolution of Our System of Position Finding and Fire Control, by Captain H.L. Morse, Coast Artillery Corps (1913)
  • Mimeograph No.39: Searchlights (1901)
  • The 25 Kw. Gasoline Driven Generating Set Used in the Coast Defenses of the United States, by Lorimer D. Miller (1917)
  • Installation, Care, and Operation of 25 Kw Gasoline-Electric Generating Sets (GE Co. Type GM-12) 1916
  • Tables of Organization and Equipment, Coast Artillery units, April 1944
  • America’s Last Seacoast Defenses: The World War II-era Construction Programs, by Mark Berhow
  • Continental US Pacific Coast WW II Harbor Defense Command Histories, from the “History of the Western Defense Command,” and other sources (San Diego, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Columbia River, and Puget Sound). Collated by Mark Berhow
  • Modern Historical Reports (various)

ARMY MANUALS

  • Army Extension Course, Special Text No. 39, The Harbor Defense Command, 1939 Edition
  • Army Extension Course, Special Text No. 27, Coast Artillery Ammunition, 1935 Edition
  • War Department, Coast Artillery Drill Regulations, US Army, 1914, 228 pages
  • War Department, Coast Artillery Material Drill & Target Practice, fourth revision, 1917
  • War Department, Manual for Submarine Mining, Edition of 1912, 150 pages
  • Seacoast & Harbor Defense Carriage Descriptions (1920s?)
  • Mobile Carriage Descriptions (1920s?)
  • Damage Tables Seacoast Artillery against Naval Targets, 1942
  • Training Regulations Coast Artillery Corps (1920s)
    • TR 425-255 Service of the Piece, 12-inch mortar (fixed armament) Dec. 24, 1924
    • TR 425-270 Service of the Piece, 12 and 14 inch guns (disappearing carriage) May 7, 1924
    • TR 425-265 Service of the Piece, 10 inch guns (Disappearing Carriage) May 7, 1924
    • TR 425-266 Service of the Piece, 6-inch guns (Disappearing Carriage) June 10, 1925
    • TR 425-221 Fire Control and Position Finding Sept. 30, 1924
    • TR 425-300 The Coast Defense Command July 21, 1924
    • TR 425-295 The Fort Command May 7, 1924
    • TR 425-290 The Fire Command May 7, 1924 )
    • TR 425-220 The Battery Command (Fixed) September 30, 1924
    • TRs 425-165, 171, 175 The Railway Battery
  • Field Manuals 1940s Coast Artillery
    • FM 4-5 Organization and Tactics, 1940 & 1943 & 1947
    • FM 4-10 Gunnery, 1940 & 1943
    • FM 4-15 Fire Control and Position Finding, 1940 & 1943
    • FM 4-19 Examinations for Gunners, 1944
    • FM 4-20 Formations, Inspections, Service, Care of Material 1940 & 1943
    • FM 4-29 Service of Seacoast Searchlight, 1945
    • FM 4-35 Service of the Piece, 14 inch gun M1920MII on Railway Mount M1920, 1940
    • FM 4-40 Service of the Piece, 12 inch Mortar, Railway Artillery, 1940
    • FM 4-45 Service of the Piece, 12 inch gun on Railway Mount M1918, 1940
    • FM 4-49 Service of the Piece, 8 inch gun Mk VI Mod 3A2 on Railway Mount M1A1, 1942
    • FM 4-55 Service of the Piece, 12 inch Mortar (Fixed Armament), 1940
    • FM 4-60 Service of the Piece, 12 inch gun (Barbette Mount) 1940
    • FM 4-65 Service of the Piece, 10 inch Gun (Disappearing Carriage)
    • FM 4-70 Service of the Piece, 6-inch Gun (Disappearing Carriage) 1940
    • FM 4-75 Service of the Piece, 6 inch gun on Barbette Carriage 1940
    • FM 4-80 Service of the Piece, 12 & 14 inch Guns (Disappearing Carriages) 1940
    • FM 4-85 Service of the Piece, 16 inch Gun and Howitzer 1940
    • FM 4-86 Service of the Piece, 16 inch Gun, Casemated 1943
    • FM 4-90 Service of the Piece, 3 inch Rapid-Fire Gun, Barbette 1940
    • FM 4-91 Service of the Piece, 90mm Gun Fixed Mount (Training Bulliten 1942)
    • FM 4-110 AAA Gunnery, Fire Control, Position Finding, AA Guns, 1940
    • FM 4-111AAA Position Finding and Control, AA Searchlights, 1940
    • FM 4-112 AAA Gunnery, Fire Control, Position Finding, And Horizontal Fire, AA Autom Weap, Case I, 1940)
    • FM 4-115 AAA Operation of Materiel And Employment of Personnel, Antiaircraft Searchlight Units, 1940
    • FM 4-117 AAA Barrage Balloon Operation of Materiel And Employment of Personnel, 1940
    • FM 4-119 AAA Examination for Gunners, 1943
    • FM 4-120 AAA Formations and Inspections, 1943
    • FM 4-125 AAA Service of the Piece, 3 inch Antiaircraft Gun 1942
    • FM 4-126 AAA Service of the Piece 90-MM Antiaircraft Gun, 1943
    • FM 4-130 AAA Service of the Piece 105-MM Antiaircraft Gun, 1940
    • FM 4-155 Reference Data SEacoast Artillery and Antiaircraft Artillery 1940
    • FM 4-184 AAA Barrage Balloon Site Installations, 1943
  • Ordnance Department Documents (Instructions for mounting, using and caring for)
    • ODD 1663 Pratt Range Board M1905
    • ODD 1668 Deflection Board M1906 for 12-inch Mortar
    • ODD 1669 Whistler Hearn (M1904), Mortar (M1906) & Submarine (M1906) Plotting Boards
    • ODD 1672 360 degree Mortar Plotting Board (M1911)
    • ODD 1683 5 inch BArbette Carriage M1898 Ballance Pillar Mount
    • ODD 1690 8 inch Disappearing Carriage L.F. M1896
    • ODD 1701 3 inch Barbette Carriage M1903
    • ODD 1712 14 inch disappearing carriages L.F. M1907, M1907MI and M1910
    • ODD 1868 Paints for Projectiles
    • ODD 1872 Seacoast Artillery Ammunition, 1917
    • ODD 1873 Lewis Position Finders M1898 Type A & B
    • ODD 2001 14 inch Gun Turrets M1909
    • ODD 1796, Handbook of the Gatling Gun, Cal. .30 Model of 1903, metallic carriage and limber and casemate mount, June 1, 1905, revised Oct. 15, 1906
  • Training Manuals (1940s)
    • TM 9-340 240 MM Howitzers M1918MI and M 1918MIA 1, 240-Mm Howitzer Carriage M1918A2, and Transport Wagons M4 and M5
    • TM 9-345 155 Gun Material M1917 & M1918 1942
    • TM 9-370 90 MM AA gun Material M1 and M1A1, 1942
    • TM 9-421 3 inch Seacoast Gun Material, 1942
    • TM 9-428 6 inch Seacoast Material: Guns M1903A2 & M1905A2 on Barbette Carriages M1 1943
    • TM 9-442 8 inch Seacoast Material: Gun Mk VI Mod 3A2 on Barbette Carriage M1 1942
    • TM 9-456 12 inch Seacoast Material: Mortar M1890MI on Mortar Carriage M1890MI and M1890MII 1942
    • TM 9-457 12 inch Seacoast Material: Mortar M1908 on Mortar Carriage M1908 1942
    • TM 9-463 8 inch Gun Mk VI, Mod. 3A2 and Railway Mount M1A1, 1942
    • TM 9-471 16 inch Seacoast Material: Gun Mk II on Barbette Carriage M4
    • TM 9-1570 Plotting Boards for Seacoast Artillery
    • TM 2160-20 Submarine Mining (1930)

Books (no longer a part of the DVD collection, by request only at this time)

  • On The Practicability of CONSTRUCTING CANNON OF GREAT CALIBER Capable of Long-Continued Use Under Full Charges by Daniel Treadwell, Vice-President of the American Academy and Late Rumford Professor in Harvard University. [From the Memoirs of the American Academy]; Metcalf and Company, Cambridge, 1856. 10.1 MB
  • On The CONSTRUCTION OF HOOPED CANNON; Being a Sequel to a Memoir “On The Practicability of Constructing Cannon of Great Caliber, Etc.,” Published in The Memoirs of The American Academy, In the Year 1856 by Daniel Treadwell, Late Rumford Professor in Harvard University. From the Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1864. Little, Brown, and Company, 1864. 11.4 MB
  • Annotated Treatise of Fortification, based on John Muller’s Treatise Containing the Elementary Part Of FORTIFICATION, London: 1746, Commentary and Annotation by Ralph B. Tacoma 38.3 MB
  • STRESSES IN WIRE-WRAPPED GUNS and In Gun Carriages by Lt. Col. Colden L.H. Ruggles, Ordnance Department, U.S. Army; John Wiley & Sons, Inc, New York, 1916. 91.5 MB
  • TEXT-BOOK OF ORDNANCE AND GUNNERY; Revised and Arranged for the Use of Midshipmen at the U.S. Naval Academy by Lt. Cmdr. William F. Fullam, U.S. Navy, and Lt. Thomas C. Hart, U.S. Navy. Published by the United States Naval Institute, Annapolis, Maryland, 1903 Copyright 1899 &1903. 246 MB
  • ORDNANCE AND GUNNERY; A Text-Book Prepared for the Cadets of the United States Military Academy, West Point by Ormond M. Lissak, Lt. Col., Ordnance Department, United States Army, First Edition, Third Thousand; John Wiley & Sons, Inc, New York, 1915. 229 MB

Other manuals and texts

  • United States Army Lists and Directories (related to Artillery/Coast Artillery units and personnel) 1893-1940. We have photocopied these directories, from 1893 through 1940 and these photocopies are now available from the CDSG Press as PDFs on a CD-ROM. 12 files, 78 MB, 494 pages.
  • Table of US Army Cannon and Projectiles, 1918, 71 pages, 3 MB
  • Table of US Army Cannon and Projectiles, 1924, 120 pages, 8 MB
  • Report on the test firing at Battery Test at Fort Morgan 1916
  • Report on the text firing on the Ex-USS Massachucetts at Penasacola 1920
  • Gunners’ Instruction 12 inch mortor, 1915
  • Reference Repoirts and Finding Aids, National Archives Record Group 499 (U.S. Army Defense Commands)
  • Fire Control Documents (collection of manuals and reports, 1907-1943)
  • Army Extension Course Special Text No. 27 Coast Artillery Ammunition 1935 Edition
  • Index to the Reports of the Chief of Ordnance 1864 to 1912
  • Gunners Instruction, Submarine Mining (no date)
  • The Coast Artillery Corps of the US Army (publicity book, 1943)
  • US Army Owned, Sponsored, or Leased Facilities, 31 Dec. 1945 (prepared bythe Chief of Engineers)
  • Narrative Report of Alaska Construction 1941 – 1944 by Col. James D. Bush, Jr.. USAED-Alaska reprint 1984
  • Mobile Gun Carriage Descriptions (no date)
  • Army Extension Course Special Text No. 30 The Harbor Defense Command 1931 Edition
  • The Years Naval Progress, Annual of the Office of Naval Intelligence, July 1891, The coast defense systems of Europe (48 pp).
  • Report of the Board of Officers convened to study the equipment of the post war Army 30 April 1945
  • Coast Artillery Information Bulletin No. 3, June 30, 1941 Telephone and Radio Communication
  • Our Defenseless Coasts by F.V. Greene, Scribners Magazine Vol. 1, Issue 1, January 1887
  • Artillery Notes No. 19 to 25, 1905, Digest of orders, circulars, etc., pertaining to the care and use of seacoast Armament.
  • New Weapons of the United States Army. The Century Magazine February 1895.
  • Performance of bombs and projectiles against shore installations, Ordnance pamphlet 1172, 9 May 1944, US Navy Bureau of Ordnance

WWII Defense Command Histories

  • History of the Western Defense Command (1945) five volumes plus extracts related to the Harbor Defenses, 7 files (5 volumes plus content and CA related material), 42 MB
  • History of the Eastern Defense Command (1945) main volume plus the Sector Histories (Cheaspeake Bay, NE, SE, Southern, SW, NY-Phil)
  • History of the Southern Defense Command (1945)

A PDF file listing all the files available in the CDSG documents DVD can be downloaded here.

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