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Contents CDSG Publications 1992-2017

The CDSG currently publishes two periodicals, the CD Journal and the CDSG Newsletter.

Original articles and source documents on aspects of military coastal or harbor defenses are published in the Journal; the Newsletter has organizational news and business, and items of a more timely nature.

The Coast Defense Study Group News Volumes 1-5 is indexed in separate PDF file.

Note: listings for Volumes 6-8 is by volume & issue; page number precedes title of article; author(s) listed after their article; the listing for Volume 9 on is by volume & issue; page number follows the title of article; author(s) are listed under their article.

In 1993 the CDSG News was renamed the CDSG Journal with Volume 7.
In 1995 the CDSG Journal was split into two publications with Volume 9: The CDSG Journal and the CDSG Newsletter. Only the CDSG Journal contents are noted here.
In 2001 the CDSG Journal was renamed the Coast Defense Journal (CDJ).

A complete listing of article titles and authors of Volume 6 (1992) to Volume 31 (2017) can be downloaded as a PDF file from this link: CDSG Content.

Table of Contents:

CDSG News Volume 6, Number 1, February 1992

4 – BUSINESS NEWS

Member news
8 – Book Review: Sydenham Clarke, Fortification
8 – Book Review: Andrew Saunders, Fortress Britain
9 – Video Review: E. Deutsch, 1991 Philippine Tour Video
10 – Miscellaneous Book Announcements
12 – Mythical Singapore Guns
12 – Mystery 4.7″ Guns at ‘Keno’ Illinois
13 – News from the Forts (Miscellaneous)
14 – U.S. Guns to Brazil – Do They Exist?
14 – More Requests For Information (Miscellaneous)
15 – Letters to the Editor
15 – Rose Island Mystery Emplacement
15 – Corrections
16 – Letter from the Editor to Authors
17 – Update, Surviving Breeches/Barrels at San Diego
18 – Plans Ahead for Two Washington State Coastal Forts

Articles
19 – THE TERMINATION OF U.S.ARMY COAST DEFENSES 1945-1948 [including reprints of significant documents] by Konrad F. Schreier, Jr.
32 – A Multi-Part Series on Alaska Defenses (Part 1): ALASKA SEACOAST DEFENSE
CONSTRUCTION; FORT MEARS WWII CONSTRUCTION [Dutch Harbor]; FORT RAYMOND, SEWARD, ALASKA, WWII CONSTRUCTION by Col. J.D.Bush CE; submitted by Al Grobmeier
41 – LAND DEFENSES OF OAHU’S FORTS, 1908-1941 by William H. Dorrance
46 – TOO SMALL OR OTHERWISE UNSATISFACTORY: DEADEND EFFORTS IN
DEVELOPING A GUN TO PROTECT U.S. SEACOAST BATTERIES by Nelson H. Lawry
51 – FORTS OF EVERYWHERE – SAN JUAN & ROOSEVELT ROADS, P.R. by Robert D. Zink
57 – THE JOURNAL OF THE UNITED STATES ARTILLERY by Bolling Smith
59 – DATA SHEETS FOR RAILWAY ARTILLERY ARMAMENT by Al Grobmeier
61 – A VISIT TO WATERVLIET ARSENAL by Elliot L. Deutsch
65 – COAST DEFENSE STUDY GROUP SPECIAL TOUR IN HAWAII by Dale E. Floyd

CDSG News Volume 6, Number 2, May 1992

4 – BUSINESS NEWS

Member news
7 – The Danielsville 4.7 Gun Exists
8 – Fort Livingston, Louisiana
10 – U.S.-Made Ordnance Sent Abroad: More Questions
10 – Review: The Industrial Bulwark of The Confederacy
11 – New Publications From/On Fort MacArthur
12 – Reviews: Fortress Alacatraz, Guardian of the Golden Gate
13 – Review: US Nuclear Weapons, The Secret History
13 – Information Wanted (Miscellaneous)
14 – The Coast Artillery Museum at Fort Worden
14 – Book Announcement: Narrow Guage to Noman’s Land
14 – Local Get-Together
15 – Trip Report: Savannah, GA to Wilimington, NC
17 – Contacts to Gain Access to Sites – Oahu
19 – Coast Defense Fortifications Open to the Public
22 – Photograph: 12 in BLM at Btry Clinton, Fort H.G.Wright

Articles
23 – MORTAR CARRIAGE NOTES by Greg Hagge
32 – FORT MONTGOMERY, ROUSES POINT, NEW YORK by Thomas D. Batha
35 – COAST ARTILLERY PLOTTING BOARDS by F. M. Baldwin
39 – U.S. ARMY MINE PLANTERS by William H. Dorrance
42 – TIME-INTERVAL SYSTEMS by Bolling W. Smith
45 – THE BOMBARDMENT OF ALEXANDRIA by Philip Sims
47 – A Multi-Part Series on Alaska Defenses (Part 2): FORT GREELY, KODIAK, ALASKA, WWII CONSTRUCTION by Col. J.D.Bush CE; submitted by Al Grobmeier
52 – FORTS OF WHEREVER 14 – NORTH & SOUTH CAROLINA by Robert D. Zink
61 – SURVIVING U.S. COAST ARTILLERY by Terrance McGovern
67 – DATA TRANSMISSION SYSTEM AT BATTERY HARLOW by Elliot L. Deutsch
69 – Fort Caswell Mortars
69 – Gun Displays in the Tampa Bay Area
70 – Miscellaneous Notices

CDSG News Volume 6, Number 3, August 1992

4 – BUSINESS NEWS

Member News
6 – Panama Special-Tour Announcement
7 – St. BABS X (Los Angeles / San Diego) After-Action Report
14 – Book, Etc., Announcements
15 – Requests For Information
16 – Gulf Forts – Things to See and Buy
18 – Canadian Additions to Forts to Visit
19 – Egg Rock Rodmans Re-Emplaced in Bar Harbor
19 – Jewell Is. Military Reservation – Signs
20 – Fort Worden Searchlight Project Moves Forward
21 – Trip Report: Fort Whitman, Washington
28 – Trip Report: Crimea (harbor defenses)

Articles
31 – ARMY AIR SERVICE / AIR CORPS COASTAL DEFENSE 1919-1914 by William H. Dorrance
37 – CANNON ON THE GREEN by Rev. E.A.Garrett III, submitted by J.Eastman
43 – A Multi-Part Series on Alaska Defenses (Part 3): FORT RAY, SITKA, WWII CONSTRUCTION by Col. J.D.Bush CE, submitted by A.Grobmeier
47 – MINIMUM PORT, NOT A SMALL HARBOR BARELY QUALIFYING FOR DEFENSE by Nelson H. Lawry
49 – SEACOAST CARRIAGES 1886-1915: TYPES AND TOTALS by Nelson H. Lawry
50 – PLOTTING BOARD ACCESSORIES by Frederick M. Baldwin
53 – A DAY ON A TARGET-TOWING TUG by Frederick M. Baldwin
55 – ORDNANCE PUBLICATIONS CONCERNING COAST DEFENSE 1863-1914 by Bolling W. Smith
57 – Reprint [from Naval History]: AFTER THE SEVENTH by Capt. C. Hall USN(ret), submitted by R.Whistler
59 – FORTS OF WHEREVER – GEORGIA & ATLANTIC COAST OF FLORIDA by Robert D. Zink
63 – Photograph of 8 in DC at Tampa Florida
64 – Miscellaneous

CDSG News Volume 6, Number 4, November 1992

5 – Report from the Chairman of the Board

MEMBER NEWS
7 – Alaska Defenses, Preservation and Documentation
11 – Reports on Four Forts at Portland, Maine
14 – Mid-Atlantic CDSG ‘Members Day’ Report
15 – HDSD Remnants Discovered at NAS North Island
16 – More on Bolsa Chica
16 – Fort Caswell Mortars
17 – REQUESTS FOR INFORMATION
20 – BOOK/LITERATURE REVIEWS
23 – Coast Defense Sites Open to the Public in Finland and Norway [gazateer & trip report by Phil Sims]
33 – Errata /Message from the Publications Committee

ARTICLES
35 – FIFTEENTH COAST ARTILLERY (H.D.) REGIMENT 1924-1944 by William Gaines
45 – RECOLLECTIONS OF BATTERY GUNNISON, FORT HANCOCK, NJ by F. M. Baldwin
49 – THE TEMPORARY HARBOR DEFENSES OF BEAUFORT INLET 1941-5 by William Gaines
53 – EDEN EVELETH WINSLOW AND FAMILY by William H. Dorrance
56 – THE U.S. ARMY MINE PLANTER SERVICE 1901-1929 by Merle T. Cole
59 – FORTS OF WHEREVER 17 – U.S. GULF COAST, PART I, KEY WEST THROUGH MOBILE BAY by Robert D. Zink
66 – OFFICERS OF THE U.S. ARMY AND OTHERS IN HONOR OF WHOM FORTS AND BATTERIES IN HAWAII HAVE BEEN NAMED by Alvin H. Grobmeier

The CDSG News was renamed the CDSG Journal beginning with Volume 7

CDSG Journal Volume 7, Issue 1, February 1993

1 – CDSG February 1993 News
3 – Letter to the Board: CDSG Review

MEMBER NEWS
4 – Odd Bits of Useful Trivia (‘Beginner’s Notes’)
5 – Fort DeSoto Notes
6 – Update on NAS North Island and Coronado Beach
6 – Finnish News
8 – St. BABS X (L.A. & San Diego) Follow-up
9 – C.A. Records Transferred to Regional Archives
10 – Defending Southeast Florida
11 – NEWS OF THE FORTS (Miscellaneous)
12 – BOOKS AND PUBLICATIONS
14 – QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
15 – Fort Taiaroa, Dunedin, New Zealand
17 – Operations and Functions of the CDSG Journal Articles

ARTICLES
20 – EFFORTS TOWARDS THE HISTORIC PRESERVATION OF HARBOR DEFENSE SITES: THE SAGA OF FORT MacARTHUR AND THE HARBOR DEFENSES OF LOS ANGELES 1975-1992 by Mark Berhow
30 – DUTCH HARBOR COASTAL DEFENSES by D. Colt Denfield
37 – HARBOR DEFENSE, SEWARD, ALASKA by D. Colt Denfield
41 – THE ACCIDENT. AT FORT H. G. WRIGHT by Leo Polaski
47 – RAID ON THE HARTLEPOOLS by Philip Sims
51 – REMINISCENSES OF Col. M. F. BURKE
55 – REMINISCENSES OF Col. M. F. GILCHRIST, Jr. by edited by Charles H. Bogart
57 – FORTS OF WHEREVER, FORTS OF THE U.S. GULF COAST, PART II, MISSISSIPPI THRU TEXAS (18th in Series) by Robert D. Zink.

CDSG Journal Volume 7, Issue 2, May 1993

2 – May 1993 CDSG Business News

MEMBER NEWS
3 – C. A. Records Transferred to Regional Archives
4 – Obituary: Richard J. Clifton
5 – Friends of U.S.S. MASSACHUSETTS (BB-2)
7 – Trip Report: Ft. DADE, Tampa, Florida
9 – Trip Report: Southeastern Massachusetts
10 – More on Ft Howard’s Vietnamese Village
13 – Book Review: Report of General J.G. Totten –
14 – NEWS FROM THE FORTS
16 – REQUESTS FOR INFORMATION
17 – BOOK & PUBLICATION ANNOUNCEMENTS ARTICLES
19 – CDSG PANAMA SPECIAL TOUR TRIP REPORT by Richard T. Whistler

ARTICLES
30 – AN ACCIDENT AT FORT KAMEHAMEHA by William H. Dorrance
33 – 1912 TYPE OR PANAMA FOURTEEN-INCH DISAPPEARING GUN BATTERIES by Bolling W. Smith
49 – 13th COAST ARTILLERY (HARBOR DEFENSE) REGIMENT by William Gaines
59 – GUNS AND MEN: U.S. COAST ARTILLERY TO SOUTH AMERICA by Nelson H. Lawry
63 – RANGE CORRECTION BOARD by Frederick M. Baldwin
65 – NATIONAL GUARD COAST ARTILLERY UNITS 1914 by Charles H. Bogart

CDSG Journal Volume 7, Issue 3, August 1993

1 – CDSG August 1993 Business News
3 – A Discussion of CDSG’s Future Projects and Goals
6 – Coast Defense Books In Print

MEMBER NEWS
8 – Corrections and Updates
9 – Some Thoughts on The California Accident
11 – REQUESTS FOR INFORMATION
12 – Newspaper Excerpt: Btry Nash
14 – BOOK/MAGAZINE REVIEWS AND ANNOUNCEMENTS

ARTICLES
15 – THE COASTAL AND HARBOR DEFENSES OF GALVESTON, TEXAS by William Gaines
32 – THE FINNISH COAST ARTILLERY by Ove Enqvist
39 – U.S. MARINES AT WAKE ISLAND by Philip Sims
45 – EMPLACEMENT POWERPLANTS by Bolling W. Smith
51 – ALASKA DEFENSES: VARIOUS LOCATIONS by D. Colt Denfield
55 – FORT TILDEN RECOLLECTIONS by F. M. Baldwin
57 – COAST ARTILLERY MANEUVERS, GALVESTON TEXAS, 1911 by Bolling W. Smith
59 – THE FORTS OF WHEREVER (19) – SAN FRANCISCO by Robert D. Zink

Journal Volume 7, Issue 3, November 1993

1 – CDSG November 1993 Business News
2 – Charles Lee Kimbell (1933 – 1993)

Member news
5 – St BABS XI Coordinator’s Report
8 – Letters to the Editor
9 – Some Thoughts on Boresighting
11 – Delivering Ordnance to and on Oahu 1909-15
12 – C.A. Records Transferred to Regional Archives
13 – News from The Forts
15 – Trip Report: Northern C.D. Locations
17 – Trip Report: Northeast Locations
18 – Trip Report: Bermuda
19 – Book Announcements & Local Meetings

ARTICLES
21 – THE COASTAL AND HARBOR DEFENSES OF KEY WEST by William Gaines
31 – IMPERIAL GERMAN INVASION PLANS AND LANDWARD DEFENSE OF THE PATAPSCO RIVER FORTS by Merle T. Cole
44 – RETURN TO THE MANUFACTURER: UNDESIGNATED VARIANTS OF U.S. 8-INCH BARBETTE CARRIAGE, MODEL 1892 by Nelson H. Lawry & Glen M. Williford
49 – HARBOR DEFENSES, KODIAK by D. Colt Denfield
53 – THE SOURCES OF MORTAR MANIA by Philip Sims
57 – 12-INCH BREECH LOADING MORTARS by Bolling W. Smith
59 – HISTORY OF BATTERY FOREST J. FRENCH by William H. Dorrance
61 – FORTS OF WHEREVER – 20 – COLUMBIA RIVER AND WESTERN WASHINGTON – by Robert D. Zink
65 – 31ST COAST ARTILLERY (HARBOR DEFENSE) REGIMENT by William Gaines

Volume 8, Issue 1, February 1994

1 – FEBRUARY 1994 BUSINESS NEWS
2 – Letters to the Editor and Questions & Answers Editor
3 – Projects and Preservation Committee
5 – The CDSG Fund

MEMBER NEWS & SHORT ITEMS
6 – LETTERS TO THE EDITOR COLUMN
8 – St Babs XIII (1995) Announcement – Puget Sound
10 – Miscellaneous Technical Topics
12 – Discussion: Thoughts on Mortar Mania
13 – Mystery Photo
14 – NEWS FROM THE FORTS COLUMN
15 – Book Review: Fort Kamehameha
16 – Trip Report: Camp Hero, NY
17 – Trip Report: Mid-Atlantic Sites

ARTICLES
19 – THE COAST ARTILLERY AT PENSACOLA BAY 1898-1946 by William Gaines
34 – HOW BATTERY TOLLES B WAS EMPLACED by Charles D. Y. Ostrom, Jr.
37 – EVOLUTION OF THE INTERRUPTED-SCREW BREECH MECHANISM IN UNITED STATES ARMY HEAVY SEACOAST RIFLES by Nelson H. Lawry
43 – LOUISIANA & TEXAS PANAMA MOUNTS by Gary P. Paliwoda
47 – NATIONAL GUARD COAST ARTILLERY 1908-1925 by Merle T. Cole
51 – PUNCHBOWL MILITARY RESERVATION by William Gaines
56 – COAST ARTILLERY ORDNANCE IN 1922 by Philip Sims
59 – BATTERY BIENVENUE, LOUISIANA by Robert D. Zink
61 – THE UB-116 AT SCAPA FLOW by Philip Sims
63 – THE ARMY OF THE UNITED STATES [excerpted reprint]

CDSG Journal Volume 8, Issue 2, May 1994

1 – May 1994 Business News
3 – Coast Defense Study Group Fund – An Update

Member News
5 – Letters to the Editor
8 – Requests for Information; Questions and Answers
10 – 15 Pounder Guns Sought
11 – Photo Reveals a Second 1 0-Inch Seacoast Mortar & Carriage
13 – Book Review: Shoot. Shoot. Shoot
15 – Trip Report: Gulf Coast
19 – Trip Report: Terminal Island AMTB Battery
20 – Book Announcements
20 – News from the Forts

Articles
21 – THE SIX-INCH PART OF THE MODERNIZATION PROGRAM OF 1940 by Robert D. Zink (artwork by Gerald W. Butler)
39 – FIFTEENTH COAST ARTILLERY REGIMENT 1924-1944 by William Gaines
39 – HISTORY OF FORT FRANK by William H. Dorrance
58 – WILIWILINUI RIDGE MILITARY RESERVATION by William Gaines

CDSG Journal Volume 8, Issue 3, August 1994

1 – August 1994 Business News

Member News
3 – Editors Farewell Address
5 – Fatal Accident at Battery Chapin, Fort Foster
6 – Postcards and National Security – Fort Levett
7 – U. S. Coast Artillery Weapons in Chile
8 – Trip Report: Fort Rodd Hill
13 – Trip Report: New England Sites
14 – Book Review: Artillery at the Golden Gate
15 – Book Review: Confederate Mobile
16 – News From The Forts
17 – Letters and Questions & Answers (edited by Anne Zink)
21 – CDSG Visits to Forts Terry and Tyler, EELIS – Alex Holder

Articles
32 – AMERICA’S LAST SEACOAST DEFENSE: THE WORLD WAR II – ERA CONSTRUCTION PROGRAMS by Mark Berhow
49 – SAND ISLAND MILITARY RESERVATION by William Gaines
54 – THE END OF MORTARS by Philip Sims
63 – REMINISCENCE OF CORPORAL PAUL L. AILLERY edited by Charles H. Bogart

CDSG Journal Volume 8, Issue 4, November 1994

1 – NOVEMBER 1994 BUSINESS NEWS
5 – Publication Policies

Member News
7 – The CDSG Database Project
9 – The Battery Humphreys Accident, Ft Rosecrans 1944
11 – Some Recollections: Camp Smith, NY
12 – National Archives Announcements
13 – Reminiscences of Nancy Evans (pre-WWII Philippines)
15 – Old Guns Never Die – They Are Just Used for Something Else
17 – BOOK/PERIODICAL REVIEWS AND ANNOUNCEMENTS
18 – News from the Fortress Study Group
19 – Second Chance for Existing Coast Artillery Materiel
20 – PSR – The Army Meaning
20 – CDSG Tours

Articles
21 – THE INSTALLATION OF SEACOAST ARTILLERY AT FORT CASEY IN THE 1960s by David M. Hansen
34 – UNITED STATES SEACOAST BATTERIES BUILT OR MODIFIED DURING THE YEARS 1935-1945 by Mark A. Berhow
39 – FORT WEAVER, OAHU, HAWAII by William Gaines
46 – FORT BARRETTE, OAHU, HAWAII by William Gaines
51 – BEACH DEFENSES OF HAWAII (1924-1942) by William H. Dorrance
59 – THE FORTS OF EVERYWHERE – NORTHERN FRONTIER (U.S.), SOUTHERN FRONTIER (CANADA) by Robert D. Zink
63 – 27th COAST ARTILLERY (HARBOR DEFENSE) BATTALION by William Gaines

The CDSG Journal was split into two publications with Volume 9: The CDSG Journal and the CDSG Newsletter. The Journal contents are noted here.

CDSG Journal Volume 9, Issue 1, February 1995

Articles
A Coast Artillerymans Experience at Fort Mills (Part 1) – 4
Herbert F. Markland with Shawn A. Welch
Coast Artillery Projectiles, 1892-1915 – 16
Bolling W. Smith
The Oahu Howitzers – 25
William C. Gaines
Forts of Wherever, No. 21, The Straits of Juan de Fuca and Puget Sound – 29
Robert D. Zink
M8 Series Gun Data Computer – 36
F.M. Baldwin
Too Hot: The Reduction of Muzzle Velocities in the U.S. Models 1900-1905 Seacoast Ordnance – 53
Nelson H. Lawry and Donald J. Loughlin
Coast Artillery Inspections – 58
F.M. Baldwin
A Brief History of the Bolsa Chica Military Reservation 1941-1948 – 60
Mark A. Berhow

Notes
Additional Information on the U.S. 10-inch Mortar and Carriage – 63
Nelson H. Lawry
1st Lt. William G. Sylvester – 64
William H. Dorrance
Report of a Visit to Battery 520 – 66
Elliot Deutsch
Ye Ballade of Ye Anciente Cosmoline – 68
Anonymous
A Rare Discovery at Fort Morgan -71
Elliot Deutsch

Reviews
Notes on Seacoast Fortification Construction by Eben Eveleth Winslow – 72
The Concrete Battleship: Fort Drum, El Fraile Island, Manila Bay by Francis J. Allen … 73
Directory of U.S. Army Forts, Camps & Airfields (1789 to 1945) by Tom Kneitel – 74
Tom Swift and his Giant Cannon by Victor Applegate – 75

CDSG Journal Volume 9, Issue 2, May 1995

Articles
A Coast Artillerymans Experience on Fort Mills Part Two: The 59th Regiment’s Trial by Fire – 4
Herbert F. Markland with Shawn A. Welch
Forts of the Canadian West Coast-Victoria/Esquimalt Defenses – 16
David Morgan
Seacoast Artillery Gun Sights, 1892-1945 – 25
Bolling W. Smith
The Temporary Harbor Defenses of Fort Lauderdale, Florida 1942-1944 – 50
William C. Gaines
The Rock – 59
Frederick M. Baldwin
The Forty-First Coast Artillery 1918-1944; An Organizational History – 61
William C. Gaines

Notes
The First Coast Artillery Enlisted Men Killed in World War II – 71
William H. Dorrance
Addendum to The Six-inch Part of the Modernization Program of 1940 – 73
Robert D. Zink
10-inch Mortar (?), Continued – 75
Robert D. Zink

Reviews
The Fortifications of Alderney – 76
Bunker Archeology – 78
We Stood and Waited: Sydney’s Anti-Ship Defences 1939-1945 – 79
The Last Word in Airfields-A Special History Study of Crissy Field, Presidio of San Francisco,
California – 80
Errata – 82

CDSG Journal Volume 9, Issue 3, August 1995

Articles
Fortress Without Guns (Fort Ward, Wash.) – 4
David M. Hansen
The Board of Ordnance and Fortifications and the Airplane – 17
Willam H. Dorrance
What Happened to the Mortars of Corregidor? – 21
Gregory J. Hagge
The 14th Coast Artillery (Harbor Defense) Regiment, an Organizational History – 28
William C. Gaines
Turn of the Century Coast Defenses of Hilton Head Island – 45
Glen M. Williford
Some Recollections – 47
F. M. Baldwin
Night Drill – 49
by F. M. Baldwin

Notes
Corrections – 51

Reviews
We Stood and Waited: Sydney’s Anti-Ship Defences 1939-1945 by R. K. Fullard – 52
The Maunsell Forts by F. R. Turner – 52

CDSG Journal Volume 9, Issue 4, November 1995

Articles
The Maritime Defenses of the Delaware, 1771-1950, Chapter I – 4
William Gaines
The Maritime Defenses of the Delaware, 1771-1950, Chapter II – 21
William Gaines
Controlled Submarine Mining in the United States – 42
Robert D. Zink
The 4-inch Navy Guns That Protected Hawaii – 55
William H. Dorrance
Firing Tables and Gunnery for Seacoast Artillery – 60
F.M. Baldwin

Reviews
European Publications on the Atlantic Wall and French Fortifications – 66
The Guns and Gunners of Hong Kong by Denis Rollo – 69
New Orleans: America’s Most Fortified City by Codman Parkerson – 70

CDSG Journal Volume 10, Issue 1, February 1996

Articles
A Coast Artilleryman’s Experience on Fort Mills: Part Three – 4
Herbert F. Markland with Shawn A. Welch
A Coast Artilleryman’s Experience: Postwar – 27
Herbert F. Markland with Shawn A. Welch
The Maritime Defenses of the Delaware, 1771-1950, Part II-Chapters III-V – 35
William C. Gaines

Reviews
Beyond Courage: One Regiment Against Japan, 1941-1945 by Dorothy Cave – 70
USS Massachusetts (BB-2): One Hundred Years, Four Careers by James C. Coleman – 71
Strong as the Rock of Gibraltar by Quentin Hughes and Athanassios Migos – 71
German Defensive Batteries and Gun emplacements on the Normandy Beaches. Invasion: D-Day June 6, 1944 by Karl-Heinz Schmeelke and Michael Schmeelke – 72

CDSG Journal Volume 10, Issue 2, May 1996

Articles
Another Five Degrees: WWI Alterations to the Disappearing Carriage – 4
Nelson H. Lawry
The Coastal and Harbor Defenses of the Delaware, Part III – 11
Chapters VI to X
William C. Gaines
Some Subcaliber Thoughts – 73
Fredrick W. Baldwin
WW II Time Interval Systems – 76
Bolling W. Smith
The Rise and Fall of Fort Pulaski – 80
Warren Laing
Flags for the Coast Artillery – 85
Bolling W. Smith

Reviews – 92
Fortress Europe: The Atlantic Wall Guns by Karl-Heinz Schmeelke and Michael Schmeelke
Bunker’s War: The World War II Diary of Colonel Paul D. Bunker Edited by Keith Barlow
Seacoast Artillery Weapons (War Department Technical Manual TM 4-210, October, 1944)

CDSG Journal Volume 10, Issue 3, August 1996

Articles
The Maritime Defenses Of The Delaware, 1771-1950: Part IV – 4
Chapters XI – XIII
William Gaines
Coastal Defense of Tampa Bay – 52
Bruce E. McCall
The Mk I Mod 0 Mine System – 87
Charles H. Bogart
Esquimalt Fortifications from 1890 to 1905; Fact, Fiction, and U.S. Military Intelligence – 93
David Morgan

Notes
Some Gulf Coast Temporary Harbor Defense Activities, 1943-44 – 97
Robert D. Zink
Note on the Changes in the Elevation of the Disappearing Carriage – 101
Nelson H. Lawry

Reviews
Seacoast Cannon: Coloring Book by Brian Chin – 103
Fortress of Louisbourg CD-ROM disk – 103

CDSG Journal Volume 10, Issue 4, November 1996

Articles:
The Gun-Lift Battery in the Defenses of the United States – 4
David M. Hansen
Battery Potter – As I Remember It – 17
Fredrick Baldwin
The Handwriting on the Wall: The Brief Career of the Telautograph – 19
Bolling W. Smith
Fixed in Concrete: Sewell Construction Tactical Buildings 1906-1917 – 30
Nelson H. Lawry
Fort Drum, the Concrete Battleship – 38
Terrance McGovern, Jr.
History of Fort Slocum (Davids Island Military Reservation) – 49
William H. Dorrance
Fort Schuyler and the Defenses of the Eastern Approaches to New York Harbor:
a Historic Resource Study – 56
William C. Gaines
Reminiscences of Lt. Colonel Aaron A. Abston and Mrs. Kay Abston – 92
as told to Charles H. Bogart
Recollections of the 245th Coast Artillery New York National Guard – 96
Fredrick M. Baldwin

Notes:
The 245th Coast Artillery Regiment, N.Y.N.G.-A Brief History – 108
Bolling W. Smith
More on Six-pounder Photograph – 110
Nelson H. Lawry and Joel W. Eastman
Installation Confirmed of the Second 75 mm Gun at Prince Rupert – 111
Nelson H. Lawry and Jack A. Drysdale
Errata – 111
A Small Brass Puzzle – 112
Elliot Deutsch

CDSG Journal Volume 11, Issue 1, February 1997

Articles
Zalinski’s Dynamite Gun – 4
David M. Hansen
Meteorological and Tide Stations, 1890-1917 – 23
Bolling W. Smith
U.S. Marine Defense Battalions – 37
William Dorrance
Fort Totten and the Coastal Defenses of Eastern New York – 41
William C. Gaines

Reviews
Fort McHenry – 99
The Military Annals of Nahant -100
From Monitor to Missile Boat – 102
No Sailor but a Fool, coast defense war game – 103
At the Water’s Edge: Defending Against the Modern Amphibious Assault – 104

CDSG Journal Volume 11, Issue 2, May 1997

Articles
Coast Artillery in the Trinidad Base Command and Sector 1941-1946 – 4
William P. Gaines
The United States Coast Artillery Command on Aruba and Curacao in WW II – 20
William P. Gaines
Radio and Coast Defense in the Endicott-Taft Era, 1899-1916 – 31
Bolling W. Smith
The December 1914 Statement of American Coast Defense Policies – 39
David P. Kirchner
A National Guard Officer in Federal Service, 1940-1945 – 43
Fredrick M. Baldwin

Notes
Harbor Charts – 53
Fredrick M. Baldwin
Mystery Object in the Surf at Fort Miles Identified – 55
Robert D. Zink
German Use of French 155 mm GPF Guns – 60
Robert J. Macdonald

Reviews
Ships Versus Shore: Civil War Engagements along Southern Shores and Rivers – 61
Rings of Supersonic Steel – 61
Island No 10 – Struggle for the Mississippi – 62
12-inch American seacoast artillery mortar model kit – 64

CDSG Journal Volume 11, Issue 3, August 1997

Articles
Gun Houses in New England; Part of the Second System Seacoast Defenses in 1808 – 4
Kenneth E. Thompson Jr.
Fort Armstrong – 9
William C. Dorrance
Charcoal Powder Propellants for Coast Artillery – 20
Bolling W. Smith
Fort Screven: the Modern System of Defense at Savannah 1886-1946 – 30
William C. Gaines

Reviews
A History of Fort Screven, Georgia: Tybee Island’s Military Heritage – 61
The Historic Defences of Plymouth – 61
Bermuda Forts: 1612-1957 – 62
The Service of Coast Artillery – 63
American Swords and Sword Makers – 64
Swords and Sword Makers of the War of 1812 – 64
The Maritime Defence of Canada – 65
Infernal Machines: The Story of Confederate Submarine and Mine Warfare – 66

CDSG Journal Volume 11, Issue 4, November 1997

Articles
Early Fort Ruger: 1906-1915 – 4
William H. Dorrance
Defending the Cape Fear River, North Carolina, 1803-1945 – 15
William C. Gaines
U.S. Marine Defense Battalions: More of the Story – 72
Gordon L. Rottmann
Some Thoughts on the GPF – 78
David P. Kirchner

Notes
A Reflection upon Modern Gun Making, by Captain W.H. Jaques – 82
Nelson H. Lawry

Reviews
Atlantik Wall: Le Murde LAtlantique en France 1940-1944 – 84
British Military Architecture in Malta, by S. C. Spiteri – 84
The Standard Guide to U.S. World War II Tanks and Artillery – . 85
The Lewis Gun, – 87
The Civil War CD ROM, from the Guild Press of Indiana – 87
Le Difese Castiere Italiane Nelle due Guerre Mondail, – 88
Die Regelbauten Des Heeres Im Atlantik Wall, – 89
Deutsches Atlantik Wall Archiv (DAWA) Nachrichten periodical -89
Die Festung Sewastopol, edited by M. Egger -90
Reprinted Publications from the Fortress Study Group – 91
The Lions Claws: The Amalfi Battery, and Venice’s Coastal Fortifications During The Two World
Wars – 92

CDSG Journal Volume 12, Issue 1, February 1998

Articles
The World War II Defenses of Bermuda – 4
Terrance McGovern
Fort De Russy – 16
William H. Dorrance
Maryland National Guard Coast Artillery, 1908-1917 – 30
Merle T. Cole
Joint Army and Navy Coast Defense Commands: 1927-1945 – 45
William C. Gaines
Glossary of Terms Related to Coast Artillery Operations In World War II – 59
Compiled and edited by William C. Gaines
Primers and Firing Mechanisms – 67
Bolling W. Smith
Guarding Osaka: the Yura Fortress – 89
D. P. Kirchner
M1 Gun Data Computer – 102
F.M. Baldwin

Book Reviews – 122
The Forgotten War: A Pictorial History of World War II in Alaska and Northwestern Canada
(Volumes One through Four) Â Â Â
The Maginot Line: None Shall Pass By
Coast Artillery Marching Song – 124

CDSG Journal Volume 12, Issue 2, May 1998

Articles
The Harbor Defenses in the 1938 Protective Mobilization Plan – 4
D. P. Kirchner
Meet Me in St. Louis: The Model 1900 6-inch Seacoast Gun Mounted on the
Model 1903 Disappearing Carriage, LF – 42
Nelson H. Lawry and Glen M. Williford
Smokeless Powder – 52
Bolling W. Smith
A Brief History of Reports of Completed Batteries and Reports of Completed Works – 64
Matthew L. Adams
Edgar Allan Poe, Coast Artilleryman – 69
Gerald W. Butler, assisted by David W. Lynch
A Coast Artillery R.O.T.C. Camp Diary from 1927 – 73
Compiled by B.W. Smith
The Forts of Wherever, No. 22 – Alaska Defenses – 85
Robert D. Zink
Antiaircraft Weapons of the Coast Artillery Corps – 93
Bolling W. Smith

Notes
The Coast Artillery and the New Coats from Bolling W. Smith – 113
New York Harbor Channels from Philip Sims -115

Book Reviews
Der Osterreichisch-Ungarische Befestigungsbau 1820-1914 – 117
Maginot Imitations: Major Fortifications of Germany and Neighboring Countries – 118
Military Fortification: A Selective Bibliography – 119
Fields of Battle: The Wars for North America – 120
The World, Portsmouth & The 22nd Coast Artillery: The War Years 1938-1948 – 121

CDSG Journal Volume 12, Issue 3, August 1998

Articles
The Coast Artillery 14-inch Gun 1907-1918 – 4
Glen M. Williford and Nelson H. Lawry
Seacoast Artillery Fuzes – 32
Bolling W. Smith
A History of the Modern Coastal Defenses of
Charleston, South Carolina, Part I 1894-1939 – 55
William C. Gaines
Guarding the Lower Gate: the Shimonoseki Fortress – 91
David P. Kirchner
Battleships as Coast Artillery Targets – 110
Bolling W. Smith

Notes
CA Quiz – Where Did This Happen? from David Kirchner – 118

Reviews
At the Water’s Edge: World War II Beach and Underwater Obstacles – 118
Der Atlantikwall: Die Bauten Der Deutschen Kustenbefestigungen 1940-1945 – 119
A Harbor Worth Defending, a Military History of Point Loma – 120
The Gatling Gun: 19th Century Machine Gun to 21st Century Vulcan – 121
Guardian of the Sound: A Pictorial History of Fort H. G. Wright, Fishers Island, N.Y- . 122

CDSG Journal Volume 12, Issue 4, November 1998

Articles:
With Nearly Every Problem Solved, The Development of Mechanical Ammunition Hoists in
America’s Coastal Fortifications – 4
David M. Hansen
A History of the Modern Coastal Defenses of Charleston, South Carolina Part II: The Harbor Defenses
of Charleston in World War II – 35
William Gaines
The Early-Modern Armament of Japanese Harbor Defenses – 60
David Kirchner
Seacoast Guns and Carriages – 73
Bolling W. Smith

Notes:
German Coast Artillery in Belgium in WWI – 119
Philip Sims
The Observation Telescope (Seacoast), Model of 1908 – 126
Bolling W. Smith
Some Information on Interior Ballistics – 127
Robert D. Zink

Reviews:
Communications Equipment of the German Army: 1933-1945 – 134
Dutch Island and Fort Greble – 134

Errata – 135

CDSG Journal Volume 13, Issue 1, February 1999

Articles:
Difficulties Encountered with the Early, Rapid-fire Seacoast Ordnance – 4
Nelson W. Lawry
Guns on the Japan Inland Sea: the Hiroshima and Ehime Fortresses 1897 – 1926 – 14
David P. Kirchner
British Naval Heritage in Micronesia -The Coastal Defense Guns of the Marshalls,
Pohnpei and Chuuk – 37
Dirk H.R. Spennemann
Big Gun Fire Control on Oahu 1920-1945 – 61
William H. Dorrance

Notes:
The Report of the Secretary of War/War Department 1872-1920 – 71
Bolling W. Smith
The 1929 Harbor Defense Staff Study: Mobile Armament for Minor Harbor Defenses – 77
Matthew Adams
Some Notes on Key Coast Defense Policy Documents and Where to Find Them – 79
Matthew Adams and Mark Berhow
Additional Notes on the German Defense of the Belgian Coast During World War I – 82
Charles H. Bogart
Some Thoughts on the Curious Career of the Stone Mortar – 86
Bolling W. Smith
Photo Captions: Additions to the November 1998 Cover Captions – 89
Bolling W. Smith & Richard Whistler
Addendum and Corrections to Seacoast Guns and Carriages – 90
Bolling W. Smith

Reviews:
Fortifications and Sea-Coast Defenses, Permanent Fortifications and Sea-Coast Defense:
Report of the Committee on Military Affairs -91
Andrew Jackson Higgins and the Boats that Won World War II – 92
Portland Head Light & Fort Williams: An Illustrated History With a Walking Guide Map – 93
Coastal Castles of Florida: Old Sea Forts of Florida & Coastal Castles of Louisiana and Mississippi:
Old Sea Forts of Louisiana and Mississippi – 94
Redlegs: The U.S. Artillery from the Civil War to the Spanish-American War – 95
American Swords & Sword Makers, Volume II – 96

CDSG Journal Volume 13, Issue 2, May 1999

Articles:
Seacoast Weapons of the Rodman Period, 1866-1898 -4
Bolling W. Smith
Defending Baltimore During the Splendid Little War -39
Merle T. Cole
155 mm Gun Employment and Emplacements on Oahu, T.H., 1921-1945 – 58
William C. Gaines

Notes:
1899 Panama Mounts & the Fate of the M1898 3-inch Guns -89
D. P. Kirchner
Spanish Heavy Coast Artillery In The Modern Era – 92
CDR Charles B. Robbins, USN (Ret.)

Reviews:
German Heavy 24 cm Cannon: Development and Operations, 1916-1945 -98
Back to Corregidor: America Retakes the Rock – 98
Fort Macon: A History – 99

CDSG Journal Volume 13, Issue 3, August 1999

Articles:
Vertical and Horizontal-Base Position Finding Systems – 4
Bolling W. Smith
Once More unto the Breech: the Replacement of the Faulty Breech Mechanisms in
the Models 1900 6- and 5-inch RF Seacoast Guns – 24
Nelson H. Lawry
Existing Guns for the Front – 43
Philip Sims
The Early-Modern Armament of Tsushima – 50
David P. Kirchner
Portugal’s Coast Artillery in the Modern Era – 74
CDR Charles B. Robbins, USN (Ret.)

Notes:
Gas! – 80
Bolling W. Smith
Seacoast Defense, 1954 – 83
Bolling W. Smith

Reviews:
American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, – 85
War Trains, Video – 86
The Flak Towers in Berlin, Hamburg & Vienna: 1940-1950 – 87

CDSG Journal Volume 13, Issue 4, November 1999

Articles:
Heavy Artillery at Waikiki -4
William H. Dorrance
Installations and Accessories for Gun Carriages-23
Greg Hagge
Booms, Nets, and Obstructions -36
Charles H. Bogart
The Sixteenth Coast Artillery (Harbor Defense) Regiment -45
William C. Gaines

Notes:
An Interesting Piece of British Ordnance -60
Bolling Smith
British High-Angle Rifled Muzzleloading Guns -64
Bolling Smith

Reviews:
Towers of Strength: the Story of the Martello Towers -68
Atlantic Wall Typology -69
Bunkers Bunkers Everywhere -70
The Submarine Mine Battery Video -71
World War I on the Virginia Peninsula -72
Fortress Europe: European Fortifications of World War II -73

CDSG Journal Volume 14, Issue 1, February 2000

Articles:
Battery Cavallo, Fort Baker: Survivor of the Plan of 1870 -4
John Martini
Antiaircraft Defenses in the Harbor Defenses of Manila and Subic Bays 1921-1942 -21
William C. Gaines
British Disappearing Gun Carriages: An Introduction -44
Bolling W. Smith

Notes:
The Fourth Naval District and the Defense of Delaware Bay 1940 to 1945 -63
Charles H. Bogart
Nets And Booms in Puget Sound During WWII -68
Greg Hagge
An 1886 British Perspective on Muzzleloading and Breechloading Artillery -71
Bolling Smith

Reviews:
Guns and Carriages, 73
Panic at Fort Stevens, 74
Jersey’s German Bunkers, 75

CDSG Journal Volume 14, Issue 2, May 2000

Articles
The Establishment of the Coastal Defenses of Puget Sound -4
Marc K. Blackburn
Prince Rupert Defenses, 1938-1945 -15
David Morgan
Modern Coastal Defenses of the Spainish Naval Base of Ferrol -29
Juan Vázquez Garcia
Eight-inch Coastal Defense Guns in Micronesia -40
Dirk H.R. Spennemann
Camp Pendleton, Virginia Beach, Virginia, and the Provisional Coast Artillery Brigade, 1940-1945 ..65
William Gaines

Notes
An Interesting Pitcher -78
Greg Hagge

Reviews
Artillerie Cotiere: Atlantikwall et Südwall en France – 80
Les Pièces de 10,5 cm S.K. C/32 et S.K. C/33 de la Kriegsmarine,-80
Hochseefestung Helgoland, Teil 1- 1891-22, Teil 2- 1934-47, – 81
Old Sea Forts of Louisiana and Mississippi, Old Sea Forts of Florida, Sentinels of Savannah ,
The Defenses of the Lower Mobile Bay , -82
Eisenbahn-Geschutze der Welt , -83
Ironclads at War: The Origin and Development of the Armored Warship, 1854-1891 -83
Russian Shadows on the British Northwest Coast of North America, 1810-1890:
A Study of Rejection of Defence Responsibilities , -84
Unlikely Allies: Fort Delaware’s Prison Community in the Civil War -85
North Head: The Development of a Fort ,
North Head Investigation, 1992: Interim Research Report ,
World War II Defences at Stony Battery (Waiheke Island) and Whangaparaoa  – 86
Stronghold Britain: Four Thousand Years of British Fortifications -88
Fort Anderson: Battle for Wilmington – .89
Guardian of the Gulf: Sydney, Cape Breton, and the Atlantic Wars ,-90
Guardians of the Empire -91
Erratum -93

CDSG Journal Volume 14, Issue 3, August 2000

Articles
The Defenses of the British West Indies: The Last Three Score Years and Ten -4
Ian Stevenson
Soviet Heat-Detecting Devices for Coast Defense 1934 -1945 -20
Vladimir Kalinin and Stanislaw Worobiev
Solitary Precedent: The Model 1897 6-inch RF Seacoast Gun -31
Nelson H. Lawry
Characteristics of the Third System of American Seacoast Defenses -46
Dale A. Manuel
My Coast Artillery Experience: What is in the Training Manuals & What is Not -59
Jack Turnbull
The Evolution of U.S. Coastal Fortifications and their Impact on the Landscape, 1794-1950 -75
Dale E. Floyd
The Cape Hatteras Minefield -80
Charles H. Bogart

Notes
At the Southern Extreme: Fire Control Stations on Limbones Island in Manila Bay -85
Glen M. Williford
Buried Mistakes -90
Bolling Smith
Where are the Reports of Completed Batteries from 1910 to 1919? -93
Matthew L. Adams and Glen M. Williford
Addendum to Prince Rupert Defenses, 1939-1945 -94
David Morgan

Reviews
Gate of Hell: Campaign for Charleston Harbor, 1863 -95
Moore’s Historical Guide to the Wilmington Campaign and the Battles for Fort Fisher -96
Survey of Japanese Seacoast Artillery, 1946 by GHQ USAFPAC, Seacoast Artillery Board -96

CDSG Journal Volume 14, Issue 4, November 2000

Articles:
A Brief History of Canadian Coast Artillery Units 1871-1959 – 4
David Morgan
Fort Powell, Forgotten Guardian of Mobile Bay – 14
Bolling Smith
Grid Coordinates – 28
Ed Robinson
Middle Ground of the Chesapeake Bay-An Almost Fortress – 39
Glen Williford
Caretaker Status in the Coast Artillery, 1912-1948 – 48
Mark A. Berhow
Fort Livingston: The Lonely Sentinel of Barataria – 58
Dale A. Manuel
Hole in the Wall: The Muzzle Pockets in Pit B, Battery Ruggles – 63
Nelson H. Lawry
Recollections of Virginia Beach and Fort Story before WWII – 70
Holcombe H. Hurt, Jr.
825th Coast Artillery Battery (Separate), 1942-1943 – 73
William C. Gaines
Standard Nomenclature List E-1, Office of the Chief of Ordnance, April 13, 1936 – 75
D. P. Kirchner

Notes:
Research Notes: 1945 American Report on German Seacoast Defenses & the Report of
the War Department Seacoast Defense Armament Board (The Tilton Board Report) 1946 – 81
Bolling Smith

Reviews:
Seacoast Fortifications Preservation Manual – 84
Chilean-American 12-inch Guns, in Warship International – 85
The American Defenses of the Panama Canal – 86
The Military History of Boston’s Harbor Islands – 87
Images of America: Sandy Hook – 88

In 2001 the CDSG Journal was renamed the Coast Defense Journal.

CD Journal Volume 15, Issue 1, February 2001

Articles
The Harbor Defenses of Singapore: Facing the Wrong Way? – 4
Philip Sims
S.M.S. Moltke Visits America: International Tensions
and the German Threat to the Western Hemisphere before 1914 – 9
Merle T. Cole
The 16-inch Batteries at San Francisco and the Evolution of the Casemated 16-inch Battery – 16
Bolling Smith
Characteristics of the Second System – 84
Dale A. Manuel

Notes
Regarding the Shimonoseki Tunnel – 100
D.P. Kirchner

Reviews
Defending New Zealand: Ramparts on the South Sea 1840-1950s– 105
Coast Artillery, Antiaircraft Artillery, Air Defense Artillery: Distinctive Insignia
Compiled by American Society of Military Insignia Collectors – 106

CD Journal Volume 15, Issue 2, May 2001

ARTICLES
The Galveston Forts and the Storm of the Century – 4
Dale A. Manuel
Maryland’s Naval Militia in the War With Spain -16
Merle T. Cole
Antiaircraft Defense of Oahu 1916-1945 – 22
William Gaines
The Fort Washington Experimental Parapet Test – 68
Bolling W. Smith
Coast Artillery Projectiles for Armor-Piercing Bombs – 73
Bolling W. Smith
The End of Seacoast Artillery: Joint Chiefs of Staff Memorandum of Policy No. 15 – 76
Matthew Adams
Proposals for Seacoast Defenses in the Post-War Army – 80
Bolling W. Smith

NOTES
Warships as Coastal Fortifications – 86
Bolling W. Smith
Ordnance R & D Historical Manuscripts, 1940-1947: Naval Harbor Defense Manual, 1946 – 88
Bolling Smith
Addendum to At the Southern Extreme, Fire Control on Limbones Island – 91
Glen M. Williford

REVIEWS
Major and Mrs. Bolt Battlefield Guide to Gallipoli – 93
Ordnance Memorandum No. 21: Ammunition, Fuses, Primers, Military Pyrotechny, etc. – 94
Erratum – 95

CD Journal Volume 15, Issue 3, August 2001

ARTICLES
Coast Defenses of New Zealand: 1876-1960 – 4
Peter Corbett & John Mitchell, Ph. D.
Waiting for the Enemy:
Memoirs of a World War II Soldier in Portsmouth, New Hampshire – 60
Norman E. Hope
Carnot’s Wall, or the Detached Scarp in America – 76
Dale A. Manuel
The Puget Sound Naval Shipyard and Coast Defense – 85
Philip Sims
The Conversion of the Hog Island Battery from 12-inch to 16-inch – 91
Glen M. Williford

NOTES
Were M1898 15-Pounder Seacoast Guns Really Converted into M1918 3-inch Antiaircraft Guns? – 99
Bolling Smith

REVIEWS
The Cocos Island Mutiny – 102
The Military History of New Bedford,- 103
Italian Artillery in the Great War – 104
The Artillery of the Royal Army in the Second World War – 105
Errata – 3 & 105

CD Journal Volume 15, Issue 4, November 2001

ARTICLES
180 mm Coast Artillery Batteries Guarding Vladivostok, Russia, 1932-1945:
Part 1. The Open Batteries – 4
V.I. Kalinin, S.A. Vorobiev, Yu. V. Ivanov, A.V. Stekhov, and N.V. Gavrilkin
Citadels of the Third System of American Seacoast Defense – 57
Dale A. Manuel
Architecture of the American Third System of Seacoast Defense: Part One-The Fort – 74
John R. Weaver II
The 54th Coast Artillery Regiment (155 mm Gun) 1917-1944 – 83
William C. Gaines
A Physician with the Coast Artillery Corps: The Military Career of Dr. Howard Andrew Knox, Pioneer
of Psychological Testing – 88
John T.E. Richardson
Reminiscences of Col. James H. Jensen, CAC – 94
Recorded by Charles H. Bogart

REVIEWS
Family Letters of General Henry Larcom Abbot, 1831-1927 – 98
Fort McHenry and Baltimores Harbor Defenses – 98
The Guns of Boston Harbor – 99
A Legacy in Brick and Stone American Coastal Defense Forts
of the Third System, 1816 – 1867 – 100
CDs of Photos from the HD of Manila and Subic Bays -101
Le Cap Aux 340 – 102
German Artillery of World War One – 103
Encyclopedia of Russian Artillery (Entsiklopediia Otechestvennoi Artillerii) – 103
Histoire De LArtillerie Lourde Sur Voie Ferree Fran̤aise Р104

CD Journal Volume 16, Issue 1, February 2002

Articles:
Temporary Harbor Defenses in the Southern Defense Command: 1942-1944 – 4
William C. Gaines
180 mm Coast Artillery Batteries Guarding Vladivostok,1932-1945 Part 2: Turret Batteries – 39
V.I. Kalinin, S.A. Vorobiev, Yu. V. Ivanov, and A.V. Stekhov and N.V. Gavrilkin
Architecture of the American Third System of Seacoast Defense, Part II: The Outworks – 64
John R. Weaver
The Defense of Tarakan Island, Netherlands East Indies, January 1942 – 74
Charles H. Bogart

Notes:
Buried Treasure at Fort Hancock? – 78
Bolling Smith
U.S. Navy Harbor Defense Atlas – 80
Charles H. Bogart
The Drawings of Guillaume Tell Poussin – 82
Dale A. Manuel
Coast Defense in the Journal of the Military Service Institution, 1879-1892 – 87
Bolling Smith
November 2001 Cover Picture – 92

Reviews:
Artillery, Missiles & Military Transport of the 20th Century – 93
Conflict Across the Strait: A Battery Commander’s Story of Kents Defenses 1939-45 – 95
Fortresses of the Knights – 96
American Coast Artillery Mat̩riel Р97
Schiffs-und Küstenartillerie: Marinegeschütze aus 500 Jahren – 99

CD Journal Volume 16, Issue 2, May 2002

ARTICLES
Land Defense for the Coast Defenses of Manila Bay – 4
Glen Williford
Quartermaster Buildings: Records and Plans – 29
Bolling Smith
Fort St. John, Louisiana – 43
Dale A. Manuel
Dr. James Henry McLean, Peacemaker – 54
Bolling Smith
The Fall of the German Fortress of Tsingtao – 61
Philip Sims
The Elements Of Fortification : The First Military Engineering Text Published for the United States Government – 68
Kenneth E. Thompson Jr.

NOTES
German Warship Cards, Coast Artillery School, 1917 – 74
Bolling Smith
The Song of the 100th Coast Artillery Regiment – 78
Charles H. Bogart
Coast Defenses of Peru and Chile between the World Wars – 81
Charles H. Bogart

REVIEWS
Smashing the Atlantic Wall: The Destruction of Hitler’s Coastal Fortresses – 83
Besieged: An Encyclopedia of Great Sieges from Ancient Times to the Present – 84

CD Journal Volume 16, Issue 3, August 2002

ARTICLES
Time Capsule Battery: The Problems at Battery Farnsworth – 4
Glen M. Williford
Railway Artillery on Oahu, 1922-1944 – 22
William C. Gaines
Spanish-American War Batteries at Sabine Pass – 59
Dale A. Manuel
Sand Island’s Military Past, 1916-1945 – 66
John D. Bennett
Coastal Defense in Florida During the Mexican War – 83
Russell D. James, M.A.
Major William Massello, Jr., 60th Coast Artillery – 88
Thomas N. Murphy

NOTES
Two Letters from Fort Knox, Maine – 91
Bolling Smith
German Coast Artillery at Tsingtao, China, 1914 – 95
CDR Charles B. Robbins, USN (Ret.)

REVIEWS
The Guardian At The Gates: Fort MacArthur, Defender of Los Angeles – 96
Les Defenses de Bizerte: 1881-1963 – 96
Cottonclads! The Battle of Galveston and the Defense of the Texas Coast – 97
Flak – German Anti-Aircraft Defense: 1914 To 1945 – 98

CD Journal Volume 16, Issue 4, November 2002

ARTICLES
240 mm Howitzers on Oahu 1922-1944 – 4
William C. Gaines
Fort Fremont and the Defenses of Port Royal Sound, South Carolina – 29
Dale A. Manuel
Oahu’s Command and Fire Control Cable System – 43
John D. Bennett
Japan Between the Wars:
An Analysis of Japanese Seacoast Armament Installed between 1914 and 1937 – 56
D.P. Kirchner
In Harm’s Way: Two YMS Minesweepers and Japanese Artillery – 61
Charles H. Bogart
World War II Memories of the Coast Artillery on Oahu – 69
John H. Varney, as told to John D. Bennett

NOTES
Inspection Reports for Coast Artillery Posts – 85
Bolling W. Smith

CD Journal Volume 17, Issue 1, February 2003

ARTICLES
C3I and the Antiaircraft Defense of Manila Bay – 4
Charles H. Bogart
In Time of Peace, Prepare for War: The Peacetime Strength and Distribution of the U.S. Coast Artillery 1901-1937 – 15
Bolling Smith
Fort Michie Beyond the Batteries: The Non-Tactical Structures – 26
Jonathan Prostak
Battery Construction Number 302: The Sentinel of Kaneohe Bay – 49
John D. Bennett
The Sham Battle for Newport 64
Karl Fritz
The World War II Temporary Harbor Defenses of Tampa 1942-1944 – 74
William C. Gaines
The 5-Inch Emergency Naval-Gun Batteries on Oahu, T.H. 1942-1943 – 88
John D. Bennett

NOTE
Addendum to In Harm’s Way: Two YMS Minesweepers and Japanese Artillery – 100
Philip Sims

REVIEWS
Distant Thunder, – 100
Hitlers Atlantic Wall – 102
Notes on Sea-Coast Defence: Consisting of Sea-Coast
Fortification, the Fifteen-Inch Gun, and Casemate Embrasures, – 103
LArtiglieria Austro-Ungarica Nella Grande Guerra
(Austro-Hungarian Artillery in the Great War), 104
Guns Across the Severn: The Victorian Fortifications Of Glamorgan,– 105

CD Journal Volume 17, Issue 2, May 2003

ARTICLES
305 mm Coast Artillery Turret Battery No. 981, Vladivostok, Russia, 1932-97, Part I – 4
V.I. Kalinin, Yu.V. Ivanov, S.A Vorobiev, A.V. Stekhov, and N.V. Gavrilkin
Gypsy Artillery: The 69th Coast Artillery (Antiaircraft) Regiment – 49
William C. Gaines
Counting Japanese Seacoast Howitzers – 60
D.P. Kirchner
The Coastal Defenses of Kauai, T.H., 1942-1944 – 66
John D. Bennett
Italian Boat Raid on Malta, 1942 – 78
Philip Sims
Fort Petite Coquilles, Louisiana – 85
Dale A. Manuel

NOTE
Addendum to What Happened to the Mortars of Corregidor? – 93
Greg Hagge

REVIEWS
Naval Weapons Of World War II, – 95
American Defenses of Corregidor and Manila Bay, 1898-1945, – 96
Japanese Pacific Island Defenses, 1941-45 – 96
U-Boat Bases and Bunkers, 1941-45 – 97
Hadrian’s Wall, AD 122-410, – 98
Defending America’s Shores: A Historical Analysis of the
Development of the U.S. Army’s Fortifications System, 1812 – 1950 , – 99
Alcatraz at War, by John A. Martini – 100

CD Journal Volume 17, Issue 3, August 2003

ARTICLES
305 mm Coast Artillery Turret Battery No. 981: Part II – 4
V.I. Kalinin, Yu.V. Ivanov, S.A Vorobiev, A.V. Stekhov, and N.V. Gavrilkin
Camp Malakole, Oahu, T.H. – 49
John D. Bennett
Fort St. Leon and the Fortifications at English Turn, Louisiana – 62
Dale A. Manuel
The Fortifications At Balize, Louisiana – 72
Dale A. Manuel
Fort Darrell (Mechanic) and the Defenses of Charleston – 79
William C. Gaines
Castle Pinckney and the Fortifications of Shute’s Folly Island, Charleston Harbor – 84
William C. Gaines

REVIEWS
Building 25, Enlisted Mens Barracks, Fort Hancock: Historic Structure Report – 98
Fortress Construction on the North Sea and Baltic Sea: The History of German Coastal Fortifications
until 1918 – 99
Fortress Third Reich – 99
Naval Guns: 500 Years of Ship and Coastal Artillery – 100
Historic Fortification Preservation Handbook – 101
Defenses of Pearl Harbor and Oahu: 1907-50 (Fortress No. 8) – 103

CD Journal Volume 17, Issue 4, November 2003

ARTICLES
Second-System Fortifications at Savannah, Georgia: 1807-1825 – 4
William C. Gaines
Naval Air Station Palmyra (Island) and Its World War Two Defenses – 24
John D. Bennett and CDR Alvin H. Grobmeier, USN (Ret.)
Forts Hampton, Winyaw, & Marion 2nd-System Forts of the Carolinas – 43
Dale A. Manuel
The Defenses of Cumberland Sound, 1738-1900 – 51
William C. Gaines
Fort Johnson at Windmill Point, James Island, Charleston Harbor – 77
William C. Gaines

REVIEWS
Naval Guns: 500 Years of Ship and Coastal Artillery – 96
Kystartilleri I Danmark 1940-45 (Coast Artillery in Denmark 1940-45)– 97
Festung Pola – Die Verteidigungsanlagen des k.(u.)k. Hauptkriegshafens 1823-1918
(Fortress Pola-The Defenses of the Austro-Hungarian Imperial Navys Main War Harbor)– 97
A First Class Defended Port:The History of the Coast Defences of Auckland, its Harbour and
Approaches, – 98
December 8, 1941: MacArthurs Pearl Harbor – 99
Annihilating Time and Space: The Electrification of the United States Army, 1875-1920
(dissertation) – 100
American Civil War Fortifications (1): Coastal Brick and Stone Forts – 102
The Maginot Line: 1928-45 – 103
English Civil War Fortifications: 1642 – 51 – 104
The Lines of the Torres Vedras: 1809 -11 – 104

CD Journal Volume 18, Issue 1, February 2004

ARTICLES
Confederate Defenses of Savannah 1861-1865 – 4
William C. Gaines
Spanish Coastal Defenses of the Rias Baixas – 42
Juan Vázquez García
Some Memories of the Coast Artillery Corps Citizens’ Military Training Camps – 55
Dale A. Manuel
Iron against Brick The Union Naval Attack on Charleston, S.C., April 7, 1863 – 63
Bolling W. Smith
Defenses of Florida’s St. Johns River, 1898-1944 – 78
William C. Gaines
Fort Wint Survivors – Battery C, 91st CA (PS) – 99
Charles H. Bogart

NOTES
Buell Collection, Corps of Engineers – 102
Bolling W. Smith

REVIEWS
New York City’s Harbor Defenses – 103
Did Singapore Have To Fall? Churchill and the Impregnable Fortress – 104
Defending the North: The Fortifications of Ulster 1796-1956 By Bill Clements – 105
American Coastal Defense: The Third System of Fortification, 1816-1864 – 106
Pensacola Bay: A Military History – 107
Fortresses of Savannah, Georgia  – 108

CD Journal Volume 18, Issue 2, May 2004

ARTICLES
Taylor-Raymond Projectile Hoists – 4
Gregory Hagge and Steven Kobylk
Operation Bobcat: the U.S. Garrison of Bora Bora in World War Two – 44
John D. Bennett
The Defense of the Dardanelles in WWI – 59
Philip Sims
Japanese Early-Modern Coastal Defenses: Hakodate and Maizuru – 72
D.P. Kirchner
Antiaircraft Gunner at Fort Barrette – 101
Staff Sergeant Herman Horn, 97th CA (AA) as told to Charles H. Bogart

REVIEWS
Facing Fearful Odds: The Siege of Wake Island, – 105
A Dictionary on Modern Fortification: An Illustrated Lexicon
on European Fortifications in the Period 1800-1945 – 106

CD Journal Volume 18, Issue 3, August 2004

ARTICLES
Fort Johnston, North Carolina, 1745-1865 – 4
William C. Gaines
Robert E. Lee and the Construction of Fort Carroll, Maryland – 40
Dale A. Manuel
Fort Barrette and the 16-Inch Guns of the Kapolei Military Reservation – 55
John D. Bennett
Japanese Early-Modern Coastal Defenses: Naruto, Sasebo, and Nagasaki – 73
D.P. Kirchner

REVIEWS
Guarding the Crossroads: Security and Defense of the Panama Canal. – 104
West Wind, Flood Tide. – 105
American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, Second Edition,– 106
Fortifications in Wessex c. 800 – 1066, Fortress No. 14. – 107
Norman Stone Castles (1): The British Isles 1066 – 1216, Fortress No. 13 and
Norman Stone Castles (2): Europe 950 – 1204, Fortress No. 18. – 107
Germanys West Wall: The Siegfried Line, Fortress No. 15. – 108
Fortresses of the Peninsula War 1808 – 14, Fortress No. 12. – 109
Les Batteries Cotieres En France: Volume I, Les Batteries Lourdes De Marine. -110
(The Coastal Batteries in France: Volume I, Heavy Naval Batteries)
Tobrouks Typologie: Atlantikwall – Sudwall (Tobruk Typology: Atlanticwall – Southwall).– 110
Civil War Heavy Explosive Ordnance:
A Guide to Large Artillery Projectiles, Torpedoes, and Mines – 111

Errata
Cover caption corrections to CDJ 18 :2 – 112

CD Journal Volume 18, Issue 4, November 2004

Articles
Random Recollections 1882-1963 – 4
Fulton Quintus Cincinnatus Gardner
Naval Air Station Johnston Island’s World War Two Marine Garrison – 49
John D. Bennett
Tours-Modeles in America – 65
Dale A. Manuel
Wally’s World War Two – 82
Walter (Wally) Bates As told to Ed Jerue
The Portsmouth Armory and the Coast Defenses of Portsmouth – 97
Pete Payette

Notes
Battery Geary’s Loaded Mortar – 103
Greg Hagge
Basic Research in Textual Records at the National Archives – 109
Bolling Smith & Glen Williford

Reviews
Los Canones de La Coruna – 115
The Regulars: The American Army 1898 -1941 – 116

CD Journal Volume 19, Issue 1, February 2005

Articles
What We Do – and Dont – Know About the Sea Forts of Tokyo Bay – 4
D.P. Kirchner
Some Notes on Canadian Hotchkiss Six-Pounder Coast Artillery Guns – 35
David Morgan
The US Navy and the Coast Defenses of the Spanish Empire – 43
Philip Sims
Battery Arizona and the Kahe Point Military Reservation – 61
John D. Bennett
Conduct Unbecoming an Officer and a Gentleman: The Court-Martial of Maj. Benjamin M. Koehler, C.A.C., Fort Terry, NY – 81
Bolling W. Smith

Reviews
Les Batteries Cotieres en France: Volume II, Les Batteries Lourdes sur Voie Ferree: Les Batteries Du
194 mm Au 240 mm (The Coastal Batteries in France: Volume II, The Heavy Railway Batteries: The
Batteries 194 mm to 240 mm), – 89
Portsmouth Harbor’s Military and Naval Heritage – 90
The Guns of the North-East: Coastal Defenses from the Tyne to the Humber – 91
Fortress America: The Forts That Defended America, 1600 to the Present, – 91
Modern European Military Fortifications, 1870-1950: A Selective, Annotated Bibliography, – 92
The Fortifications of Malta: 1530-1945, – 93
British Home Defences: 1940 – 45, – 94
Mycenaean Citadels: c. 1350 – 1200 BC., – 94
Troy: c. 1700 – 1250 BC,. – 94
Crusader Castles in the Holy Land 1097 – 1192 , – 95
Crusader Castles of the Teutonic Knights (1): The Red-Brick Castles of Prussia, 1230 – 1466, – 96
Crusader Castles of the Teutonic Knights (2): The Stone Castles of Latvia and Estonia, 1185 – 1560, – 96
The Walls of Constantinople: AD 324 – 1453, – 96
Japanese Castles: 1540 – 1640, – 97
Fortifications on the Western Front: 1914 – 1918, – 97
German Field Fortifications: 1939 – 1945, – 98
Afghanistan Cave Complexes: 1979 – 2004, – 98
Fortress Builder: Bernard de Gomme, Charles II’s Military Engineer, – 99
Long Island’s Military History, by Glen Williford and Leo Polaski – 100

CD Journal Volume 19, Issue 2, May 2005

Articles
A Military History of Diamond Head and Fort Ruger (Part I) – 4
William C. Gaines
The National Land Defense Board and the Land Defense of Endicott-Taft Seacoast Forts – 42
Bolling W. Smith
Kaena Point Military Reservation – 74
John D. Bennett

Review
The Fragile Forts: The Fixed Defences of Sydney Harbour 1788 – 1966, – 104

CD Journal Volume 19, Issue 3, August 2005

Articles
A Military History of Diamond Head and Fort Ruger (Part 2) – 4
William C. Gaines
Early-Modern Seacoast Defenses of Tokyo Bay (Part 1) – 47
D.P. Kirchner

Addendum
Additional Information, Kaena Point Military Reservation – 100

Note
A Sailors View of Grande Island, Subic Bay, P.I. – 101 Charles H. Bogart Book

Review
Andrew Foote: Civil War Admiral on Western Waters (Library of Naval Biography), – 102

CD Journal Volume 19, Issue 4, November 2005

Articles
Early-Modern Seacoast Defenses of Tokyo Bay (Part 2) – 4
D.P. Kirchner
Recollections of Fort Kamehameha, c. 1924-25 – 41
John D. Bennett
Col. Edward Harcourt, Chief Engineer, Army of the Republic of Texas – 51
Dale A. Manuel
Donald R. Kennedy’s Reminiscences of Coast Artillery Duty – 59
John D. Bennett
Interview with Oscar Albert Sowers, 252nd CA – 69
Charles H. Bogart
The Canton Island Defense Force in World War II – 72
John D. Bennett

Note
Defying Aerial Attack: Batteries A and K, 60th Coast Artillery (AA), on Corregidor – 89
Charles H. Bogart

Book Reviews
French Fortresses in North America 1535 – 1763,  – 94
Crusader Castles in the Holy Land 1192 – 1302, – 95
Fort Eben Emael: The Key to Hitler’s Victory in the West, – 95
Rome’s Northern Frontier AD 70 – 235, – 96
Forts of the American Frontier 1820 – 91: Central and Northern Plains, – 96
US World War II and Korean War Field Fortifications 1941 – 53, – 97
Special Forces Camps in Vietnam 1961 – 70, – 97
Saint John Fortifications: 1630 – 1956, – 98

CD Journal Volume 20, Issue 1, February 2006

Articles
The Torre de Belem: A Coastal Fortification Like No Other- 4
Charles H. Bogart
92nd Coast Artillery Regiment (Philippine Scouts) – 11
William C. Gaines
1945 Study of Seacoast Battery Requirements, Hawaiian Islands – 34
John D. Bennett
Spanish Towers in the Philippines – 48
D.P. Kirchner
Andy Schneider and the Coast Artillery – 79
Compiled and edited by Bolling W. Smith

Book Reviews
Fortress France: The Maginot Line and French Defenses in World War II, – 98
D-Day Fortifications in Normandy, by – 99
American Civil War Fortifications (2) Land and Field Fortifications, – 100
British Fortifications in Zululand 1879, – 100
Japanese Fortified Temples and Monasteries 710-1602, – 101
US Strategic and Defensive Missile Systems 1950-2004, – 101
Ancient Greek Fortifications 500-300 BC, – 102

CD Journal Volume 20, Issue 2, May 2006

Articles
Fort Wayne: Detroits Seacoast Fortification – 4
William C. Gaines
Oahu’s World War II Fixed Seacoast Batteries – 30
John D. Bennett
Commandant of Vladivostok Fortified Region – 56
Vladimir I. Kalinin

Book Reviews
The Great Siege: Knights vs. Turks MDLXV – Anatomy of a Hospitaller Victory – 92
The Channel Islands 1941 – 45 – 93
The Vauban Fortifications of France – 94
Russian Fortresses 1480-1682 – 95
Castles and Tower Houses of the Scottish Clans 1450-1650 – 95
Roman Legionary Fortresses 27 BC-AD 378 – 96
US Army World War II Amphibious Tactics: Army & Marine Corps, Pacific Theater – 97
The Marshall Islands 1944: Operation Flintlock, the Capture of Kwajalein and Eniwetok – 97
Saipan & Tinian 1944: Piercing the Japanese Empire – 97
Guam 1941 & 1944: Loss and Reconquest – 97
Gallipoli 1915: Frontal Assault on Turkey – 99
Napoleon’s Guns 1792-1815 (2): Heavy and Siege Artillery – 99
British Napoleonic Artillery 1793-1815 (2): Siege and Coastal Artillery – 99
British Artillery 1914-19: Heavy Artillery – 100
88 mm Flak 18/36/37/41 & PaK 43 1936-45 – 101
Armements & Ouvrages De Forteresse Du Mur De L Atlantique (Armaments & Fortress Works of the
Atlantic Wall), Vol. 1, – 101
Images of America: Fort MacArthur – 102

CD Journal Volume 20, Issue 3, August 2006

Articles
28th Coast Artillery Battalion and the Defense of Saint Lucia and Ascension Islands – 4
William C. Gaines
Temporary Housing for New Alaskan Bases – 23
Glen M. Williford
Fort Maurepas, Vieux Biloxi – 31
Dale A. Manuel
Surviving Japanese Coastal Defense Guns, a Preliminary Inventory – 39
D. Colt Denfeld and Glen Williford
Puu-o-Hulu Military Reservation, 1923-1945- 50
John D. Bennett
The Bombardment of Fort St. Philip – 79
Dale A. Manuel
Dummy Guns in Brooklyn – 89
Bolling Smith

Note
Commentary on Cover Photos for Vol. 20, No. 2 – 92
Greg Hagge

Book Reviews
Fort Montgomery through the Years – 94
Delaware’s Ghost Towers – 94
Images of America: Fort Miles – 95
German Bunkers in Denmark: A Survey – 96
Ostwall: Die vergessene Festungsfront Oder-Warthe-Bogen  – 96
American Coastal Defenses 1885-1950 – 97
The Spanish Main 1492-1800 – 98
German Defences in Italy in World War II – 99
Fortifications of the Incas 1200-1531 – 99
Viet Cong and NVA Tunnels and Fortifications of the Vietnam War – 100
Indian Castles 1206-1526: The Rise and Fall of the Delhi Sultanate -100
The Forts of Celtic Britain – 101
Harbor Forts: A Look behind the Walls 1775-1945 b – 101
Kuestenbefestigungen (2); fortifikation Sonderausgabe 8, 2006 – 102

CD Journal Volume 20, Issue 4, November 2006

Articles
The Inner Harbor Fortifications of New York – 4
William C. Gaines

Notes
Defending the North Korean Coast during the Korean War – 75
Charles H. Bogart
Photographs of German Coast Defense Guns at Tsingtao – 77
Philip Sims

Book Reviews
Cold War: Building for Nuclear Confrontation 1946-1989, – 81
Four Minute Warning: Britain’s Cold War, – 81
Beaches, Fields, Streets, and Hills: The Anti-Invasion Landscapes of England 1940, – 82
Pillboxes: Images of an Unfought Battle – 82
AA Command: Britains Anti-Aircraft Defences of the Second World War. – 83
The Fortifications of Gibraltar 1068 – 1945, – 84
Defending Space: US Anti-Satellite Warfare and Space Weaponry, – 85
Cathar Castles: Fortresses of the Albigensian Crusade 1209-1300, – 85
Forts of the American Frontier 1820-91: The Southern Plains and Southwest, – 86
Discovering Fortifications: From the Tudors to the Cold War, – 87
Defending Britain: Twentieth-Century Military Structures in the Landscape, – 87
London’s Secret Tubes: London’s Wartime Citadels, Subways and Shelters Uncovered, – 88

CD Journal Volume 21, Issue 1, February 2007

Articles
On the Spur: Evidence from Serapong Battery, Fixed Defences of Singapore – 4
Nelson H. Lawry, Peter W. Stubbs, Lim Chen Sian, and Aaron Kao
The Fortifications of Pelican Spit, Galveston Harbor- 21
Dale A. Manuel
Oahu’s World War Two 5-Inch Naval Antiaircraft Shore Batteries – 31
John D. Bennett
The Railway Artillery Reserve, A.E.F., 1917-1918 – 68
William C. Gaines

Book Reviews
Americas Fortress: A History of Fort Jefferson, Dry Tortugas, Florida, by Thomas Reid – 87
Les Batteries Cotieres du Nord-Pas-de-Calais-Dunkerque-Calais-Boulogne: France 40-Mur de
LAtlantique, – 88
Les Batteries du Secteur de Gris-Nez: Todt-Grosser-Kurfurst-Gris-Nez, by Alain Chazette et al. – 88
Tank Turret Fortifications, – 89
Seefront IJmuiden: Duitse Bunkers in de Kustverdediging van de Festung IJmuiden, – 90
De Atlanticwall op Goeree: Bunkers op de Grens Van Land en Water,– 90
Eisenbahnartillerie – Histoire de lartillerie lourde sur voie ferree Allemande des origines a 1945, – 91
Romes Saxon Shore: Coastal Defences of Roman Britain AD 250 – 500, by – 92
The Great Wall of China 221 BC – AD 1644, – 93
Vietnam Firebases 1965-73: American and Australian Forces, – 94

CD Journal Volume 21, Issue 2, May 2007

Articles
Caponiers of the Third System – 4
Dale A. Manuel
My Military Life – 33
John E. Huntoon
The Transitional Coast Defense Generation, American Seacoast Defenses of the 1870s – 51
Glen M. Williford

Notes
German Seacoast Defenses at Tsingtao, 1914 – 85
CDR Charles B. Robbins, USN (Ret.)
Addendum on Mark IV 9.2-inch BL guns in the Harbor Defences of Singapore – 91
Nelson H. Lawry and Peter W. Stubbs

Book Reviews
Vladivostok Fortress, – 92
US Field Artillery of World War II, – 93
Forts of the United States: An Historical Dictionary, 16th – 19th Centuries, – 93
Crusader Castles in Cyprus, Greece and the Aegean 1191-1571, – 95
The Forts of the Meuse in World War I, – 95
Medieval Russian Fortresses AD 862 – 1480, – 96
The Siegfried Line 1944 – 45: Battles on the German Frontier, – 96

Robert David Zink, a Personal Tribute – 97
E.R. Lewis

CD Journal Volume 21, Issue 3, August 2007

Articles
Corregidor, the Early Years – 4
William Gaines
Camouflaging Seacoast and Antiaircraft Artillery Batteries on Oahu, T.H. 1941-45 – 24
John D. Bennett
U.S.N. Mine Defense of Espiritu Santo – 43
Charles H. Bogart
American Seacoast Defense Sites of the 1870s: Part I, Maine – New York – 51
Glen Williford
The USS Missouri and the Silkworm – 94
Charles H. Bogart

Book Reviews
Austriacko-Wegierska Artyleria Forteczna W Przededniu Wybuchu I Wojny Swiatowej (Austro-
Hungarian Fortress Artillery on the Eve of World War I), – 98
La Batteria Amalfi nella Grande Guerra: Die Batterie Amalfi im Ersten Weltkrieg: The Amalfi Battery during the Great War, – 98
The Door of No Return: The History of Cape Coast Castle and the Atlantic Slave Trade, – 99
Forteresse Boulogne-sur-Mer 1939-1944 Occupation-Fortifications-Liberation, – 100
The Atlantic Wall (1): France, – 101
Soviet Field Fortifications 1941 – 45, – 102
The Fall of Constantinople: The Ottoman Conquest of Byzantium,– 103
De Kust Bezet 1914-1918 (The Coast Occupied 1914-1918), – 104

CD Journal Volume 21, Issue 4, November 2007

Articles
The Seacoast Defenses of Galveston, Texas – 4
William Gaines
American Seacoast Defense Sites of the 1870s, Part II Delaware River – San Francisco – 59
Glen Williford

Book Reviews
La Artillería de Costa en el Campo de Gibraltar 1936-2004: El RACTA no. 5 (Coast Artillery in the
Gibraltar Region 1936-2004: RACTA No. 5) – 111
Fortyfikacje Austro-Wegier w czasach Conrada von Hotzendorf (Austro-Hungarian Fortification at the
Time of Conrad von Hotzendorf) – 111
The Castles of Henry VIII – 112
The Castles of Edward I in Wales: 1277 -1307 – 113
Corregidor in Peace and War, – 114

CD Journal Volume 22, Issue 1, February 2008

Articles
Oahus 8-inch Naval Turret Batteries 1942-1949 – 4
John D. Bennett
Fifty-Second Coast Artillery (Railway) Regiment – 56
William Gaines
A Second Look at the Coast Artillery Defending Singapore, 1930-1956 – 88
Nelson H. Lawry and Peter W. Stubbs

Notes
Clearing the Air: Photos of the 10-inch Breech-Loading Mortar – 95
Greg Hagge

Book Reviews
Suffolks Defended Shore: Coastal Fortifications from the Air,– 98
Japanese Castles in Korea 1592 – 98, – 99
American Civil War Fortifications (3): The Mississippi and River Forts, – 100
Britains Air Defences 1939-45, – 100
The Great War Syndicate, – 101
Report to the Government of the United States on the Munitions of War Exhibited at the Paris Universal
Exhibition, 1867,- 101
Fort Hancock, – 102

CD Journal Volume 22, Issue 2, May 2008

Articles
World War II Machine-Gun Pillboxes, Coast Defense & Other Stations in the Hawaiian Islands – 4
John D. Bennett
Coast Artillery Organization: A Brief Overview – 33
Bolling W. Smith & William C. Gaines
World War II Luftwaffe Barrage Balloons – 77
Charles H. Bogart
Two Soldiers Perspectives of Fort Terry – 81
From Bolling Smith’s collection

Book Reviews
The Austro-Hungarian Artillery from 1867 to 1918: Technology, Organization and Tactics,- 92
The Endicott-Taft Reports, the CDSG Press reprint edition – 93
German V Weapon Sites 1943-45,– 95
The Berlin Wall and the Intra-German Border 1961-89, – 96
Hittite Fortifications c.1650-700 BC, – 96
The Walls of Rome, – 97
Japanese Castles AD 250-1540 – 98
Strongholds of the Border Reivers: Fortifications of the Anglo-Scottish Border 1296-1603,– 98

CD Journal Volume 22, Issue 3, August 2008

Articles
Makapuu Point Military Reservation, 1922-1961 – 4
John D. Bennett
265th Coast Artillery (Harbor Defense) Regiment – 26
William C. Gaines
Controlled Minefields and the Destruction of UB-109 and UB-116 – 48
Charles H. Bogart
Memories of World War Two in Long Island Sound – 52
Clayton Lathrop
Mine Defense of Singapore – 56
Charles H. Bogart
Coast Artillery Companies 1901-1924 – 60
Bolling W. Smith
Hicks Dynamite Engine – 85
Bolling W. Smith

Book Reviews
The Forts of New France in Northeast America 1600-1763, – 91
The Forts of Judaea 168 BC-AD 73, – 92
Saracen Strongholds AD 630-1050: The Middle East and Central Asia, 92

CD Journal Volume 22, Issue 4, November 2008

Articles
Defending the Narrows: The Harbor Defenses of Southern New York – 4
Part I: The Muzzleloading Era, 1524-1890
William C. Gaines
General John D. Barrette – 83
John D. Bennett

Book Reviews
Ersta – From Small Beginnings to Historic Listed Monuments: a History of 12 cm Coast Artillery
Battery m/70, – 88
The 26th Yankee Division on Coast Patrol Duty, 1942-1943 – 89
The German Fortress of Metz 1870-1944, – 90
The Stalin and Molotov Lines: Soviet Western Fortifications 1928-41, – 91

Errata: August Issue Cover Photo Captions – 92

CD Journal Volume 23, Issue 1, February 2009

Articles
Defending the Narrows: The Harbor Defenses of Southern New York – 4
Part II, The Breechloading Era, 1890-1950
William C. Gaines

Book Reviews
Israeli Fortifications of the October War 1973, – 90
British Forts in the Age of Arthur, – 90
Crusader Castles in the Holy Land, – 91
The Stalin and Molotov Lines: Soviet Western Fortifications 1928-41, – 92
Index de la Fortification Francaise 1874-1914, Metropole and Outremer,- 93
The History of ARADCOM, Volume I, The Gun Era: 1950-1955, – 94

CD Journal Volume 23, Issue 2, May 2009

Articles
Coast Artillery Organizational History, 1917-1950 Part I, Coast Artillery Regiments 1-196 – 4
William C. Gaines
Koko Head, Fire Control and Searchlight Station and Military Reservation, Maunalua, Oahu, T.H. – 52
John D. Bennett
The Coast Artillery on Shemya Island, 1943-1947 – 79
William C. Gaines

Book Reviews
The k.u.k. Fortress Artillery: 1867-1918, – 89
Fortress Warfare in the High Mountains: The Battle for the Austrian
and Italian High Mountain Forts in South Tyrol in the First World War, – 89
The Garrison Guns of Australia 1788-1962, – 90
The Art of Fortress Building in Hospitaller Malta, 91
Scottish Baronial Castles 1250-1450, 92
Strongholds of the Samurai: Japanese Castles 250-1877, – 93
Images of America: Fort Stevens, – 93

Cover Photo
Brig. Gen. Joseph G. Totten, chief of engineers, 1863 (Library of Congress)

CD Journal Volume 23, Issue 3, August 2009

Articles
The Fire Control Puzzle at New Orleans – 4
Bolling W. Smith
Ashley Military Reservation (155 mm Gun Battery) – 55
John D. Bennett
Take Two 25-ton Cannon, Several Miles of Torpedo Cable, and a Bored Engineer – Kings Electromagnet – 65
Karl Fritz
Coast Artillery Organizational History, 1917-1950, Part II, Coast Artillery Regiments, OR and AUS – 70
William C. Gaines

Book Reviews
The Atlantic Wall in the Bay of Wissant – From Cape Blanc-nez to Cape Gris-nez,- 94
Personnel Bunkers of the German Navy – A Report, – 94
American Coastal Rescue Craft, – 95
Roman Auxiliary Forts 27 BC – AD 378, – 96
Harbor Defenses of San Francisco – A Field Guide 1890 to 1950, – 97
Sudwall: Mittelmeerkustenfront: Les Batteries cotieres de Marine Francaises et Allemandes,
Marine-Artillerie-Abteilungen  – 97
Toul: Die Geschichte einer Franzosischen Lagerfestung – 98

Errata – 98

Cover Photo
Maj. William R. King, Corps of Engineers.

CD Journal Volume 23, Issue 4, November 2009

Articles
The Outer Screen, the Waiting Punch, and the Common Pattern – 4
D.P. Kirchner
Tutuilas Garrison and Harbor Defenses, 1941-45 – 51
John D. Bennett

Book Reviews
Saracen Strongholds 1100-1500, by David Nicolle

Cover Photo
Fort Worden, Washington, 1937 (NARA)

CD Journal Volume 24, Issue 1, February 2010

Articles
Early-Modern French Seacoast Ordnance – 4
D.P. Kirchner and C.B. Robbins
Oahu’s Solitary 8-inch 1940-Project Battery Construction No. 405 (Battery Robert E. DeMerritt) – 33
John D. Bennett
The Modern Coast Defenses of Mobile Bay 1865-1945 (Part 1) – 61
William C. Gaines

Book Reviews
Fort Douaumont, Verdun, by Christina Holstein – 102
The Atlantic Wall (2): Belgium, The Netherlands, Denmark, and Norway, – 103
Scapa Flow, The Defense of Britain̢s Great Fleet Anchorage 1914-45, Р104
The Mannerheim Line 1920-39, Finnish Fortifications of the Winter War, – 105
English Castles 1200-1300, – 106
Maori Fortifications, – 106
Chinese Walled Cities 221 BC-AD 1644, – 107
Greek Fortifications of Asia Minor 500-130 BC, From the Persian Wars to the Roman Conquest, – 108
Blockhouse & Battery, A History of Fort Edgecomb – 109
Searching for the Atlantic Wall in Norway, Volume I, the South and the West, from Oslo Fjord to that of Trondheim, – 110

Errata – 110

Cover Photo
Three soldiers of the 63rd Company, CAC, Fort Worden, WA. Bolling Smith collection.

CD Journal Volume 24, Issue 2, May 2010

Articles
Battery Elmer J. Wallace and the Ammunition Supply Experiment – 4
Bolling W. Smith
Theodore Timby and His Turret – 20
Karl Fritz
They Did Make Mistakes – Engineer Errors in the Taft Era – 35
Glen Williford
Battery Monument, Kauai, T.H., 1943-44 An Update – 50
John D. Bennett
The Modern Coast Defenses of Mobile Bay 1865-1945 (Part II) – 57
William C. Gaines

Book Reviews
Military Constructions and Complexes in the Region of Cattaro (Kotor – 98
Arms and Fortifications of the Atlantic Wall – Volume 2 – 98
The Fortifications of Ancient Israel and Judah 1200-586 BC – 99
Strongholds of the Picts: The Fortifications of Dark Age Scotland – 99
Ottoman Fortifications 1300-1710 – 100
Maginot Line 1940: Battles on the French Frontier – 100
French Fortifications, 1715-1815: An Illustrated History – 101
Men and Works of the Maginot Line, Vol. 1 Â – 102
The Atlas of Kaunas Fortress – 103

Cover Photo
Fort Barry 1939. Battery Elmer J. Wallace is in the center of the photo. NARA.

CD Journal Volume 24, Issue 3, August 2010

Articles
The Modern Coast Defenses of Mobile Bay 1865-1945 (Part III) – 4
William C. Gaines
Baker Islands World War II Garrison – 31
John D. Bennett
Covering the Bungo Channel The Tsurumisaki Group 1926 – 1945 – 53
David P. Kirchner
The Muzzle Rope at Battery Kingman, Fort Hancock, NJ – 84
Greg Hagge & Bolling W. Smith
U.S. Artillery School, Class of 1884 – 88
Bolling Smith

Book Reviews
Spanish Colonial Fortifications in North America 1565-1822, Â – 90
The Forts of New France: Great Lakes, the Plains, and the Gulf Coast 1600 – 1763 – 91
The Fortress of Rhodes 1309 – 1522, – 92
Fortifications of Swinemunde, – 92
Noirmoutier during the German Occupation – Link in the Atlantic Wall, 93
The Last Missile Site, – 93
The Fort de l Eve – Historical Heritage 1859-1945, – 94

Cover Photo
Battery Kingman being fired at Fort Hancock, June/July 1919. Note rope around the muzzle of the gun. NARA Still Pictures, 111-SC-WWI, SC Photo 60727.

CD Journal Volume 24, Issue 4, November 2010

Articles
The Formation of the Endicott Board – 4
Karl Fritz
A Personal Account of the Coast Artillery in the Harbor Defenses of San Francisco during World War Two – 18
Col. John Schonher, Ret.
Haleiwa Field and the OQ-2A Antiaircraft Target Drone – 36
John D. Bennett
A History of Fort DeRussy – 47
William C. Gaines

Book Reviews
The History of Fort Casey and the Defense of the Pacific Northwest – 96
The Chesapeake Bay at War – 97
Rings of Supersonic Steel: An Introduction & Site Guide: – 98
Colditz: OFLAG IV-C, – 98
The Fortifications of Ancient Egypt 3000-1780, -99
Women in the Wild Blue: Target-Towing WASP at Camp Davis, 99
The Ligurian Wall – The Defense Line Constructed by the Nazi-Fascist Forces – 100
The Guns of Victory 1914-1918, Vol. 3: Coast Artillery and Trench Artillery – 101
Engineering Security: The Corps of Engineers and Third System Defense Policy, 1815-1861 – 102

Cover Photos
Front: One of the 12-inch guns of Battery Selfridge, Fort Kamehameha, T.H (corrected caption 2/11)
Rear: Fort DeRussy, 1932

CD Journal Volume 25, Issue 1, February 2011

Articles
Manawahua Military Reservation, Oahu, T.H. – 4
John D. Bennett
Ten Spanish Towers – 20
David P. Kirchner
The Seacoast Defenses of Portland, Maine 1605-1946 Part I: Portland’s Initial Defenses – 37
William C. Gaines
A Puzzling Photo: A Historical Mystery Solved – 87
Oleg Balashov & Valery Lukin
Â
Book Reviews
Racing the Sunrise, – 93
The Fuhrers Headquarters: Hitlers Command Bunkers 1939-45, – 94
Defense of Japan 1945 – 94
The Forts of Colonial North America: British, Dutch and Swedish Colonies, – 95
Fortresss City Cologne – The Stronghold in the West,. – 96
Officers Row 1904 – Forgotten Soldiers of Fort Rosecrans, – 97
Â
Errata
The photograph of the disappearing gun on the front cover of Volume 24, No. 4, is of 12-inch Battery Selfridge, Fort Kamehameha, T.H., as is the lower photo on p. 60.
Â
Cover Photos
Front: Fort Adams, Newport, Rhode Island, 1924, NARA Rear: Fort Wetherill, the Dumplings, Rhode Island, NARA

CD Journal Volume 25, Issue 2, May 2011

Articles
Oahu’s 12-inch D.C. Battery: Thomas E. Selfridge – 4
John D. Bennett
The Seacoast Defenses of Portland, Maine 1605-1946 Part II Modern Batteries – 15
William C. Gaines
The Seacoast Defense Projects Branch and its Records – 78
Bolling W. Smith
Fort Barry Radio and Switchboard Room – 82
Matthew W. Kent
A Nations Peril – The Movie – 88
Karl Fritz

Reviews
Artillerists and Engineers: The Beginnings of American Seacoast Fortifications 1794 – 1815 – 91
Standard Construction of the Air Force, – 92
Treatise on Service Ordnance (7th edition, 1908) & Treatise on Military Carriages and Stores Connected with Them (7th Edition, 1911) HMSO, London – 92
U.S. Army Order of Battle 1919-1942, Volume 1, Volume 2, – 93
Defense of the Rhine 1944-45, – 95
Forts in Miniature – 96

Front Cover Photo
That raised arm means ready … aim. Its the signal for one of Fort Story’s big guns to fire away. Fort Story, VA, March 1942. The soldiers photographed at Fort Story are probably members of the 246th Coast Artillery Regiment, formerly Virginia National Guard. Division of Information, Office of Emergency Management (OEM) Photo D-3089, NARA Still Pictures 208-AA 125M.

CD Journal Volume 25, Issue 3, August 2011

Articles
The Seacoast Defenses of Portland, Maine 1605-1946, Part III 1905-1939 – 4
William C. Gaines
Guardian of the Kolyma Gold: Coast Artillery Fortifications in the Permafrost – 51
Alexandr Panasenko & Vladimir Kalinin

Book Reviews
A Gun for All Nations: The 37 mm Gun & Ammunition, Volume 1 1870-1913 – 93
The Fortifications of Verdun 1874 – 1917 – 94
Fortress Monasteries of the Himalayas: Tibet, Ladakh, Nepal and Bhutan – 95
Fortifications of the Monarchy:Â K.K. and K.u.K. Fortifications from Napoleon to Petit Trianon, a Typological Study -96
The Atlantic Wall: The Coast Batteries in Normandy:Â From Le Havre to Cherbourg and Granville: 1939-1940 – 97
Amphibious Warfare: Strategy and Tactics – 98

Front Cover Photo
M1900 6-inch gun, Battery Worcester, BCN 224. The soldiers in this series of pictures on the covers for this issue taken at Fort Story, VA, in March of 1942 are probably members of the 246th Coast Artillery Regiment, formerly Virginia National Guard. Division of Information, Office of Emergency Management (OEM)
Photo D-3074, NARA Still Pictures 208-AA 125P.

CD Journal Volume 25, Issue 4, November 2011

Articles
Women and the Coast Artillery – 4
Phil Payette & Kieren Fletcher
Battery Granger Adams: Oahus Original 8-inch Fixed Battery – 17
John D. Bennett
The Flight over Panama: The Air Threat Goes Public – 32
Karl Fritz
Officers’ Gunnery School, Hawaiian Seacoast Artillery Command – 38
John D. Bennett
The Seacoast Defenses of Portland, Maine 1605-1946, Part IV – 1940-1950 – 42
William C. Gaines
Fort Wool and the Statue of Columbus – 95
Karl Fritz

Reviews
The Maginot Line and the 20th Century French Fortifications on Corsica – 97
Wake Island 1941, A Battle to Make the Gods Weep – 98
Le Fort de la Martiniere, Defenseur de Quebec – 98
Harbor Defenses of San Francisco – A Field Guide 1890 to 1950 – 99
Naval Firepower, Battleship Guns and Gunnery in the Dreadnought Era – 100

Front Cover Photo
British 9.2-inch coast defense gun at Devil’s Battery, Hartlen Point, Halifax Harbour, Nova Scotia, Canada, during World War II. This battery, now disarmed in a golf course, was visited during the 2011 CDSG special tour to Canada.Bolling Smith Collection.

CD Journal Volume 26, Issue 1, February 2012

Articles
The Japanese Naval Bombardment of Vladivostok – 4
Roman S. Avilov, Vladimir I. Kalinin and Nikolay B. Ayushyn
A Short History of the Gruson Iron Works, USA – 43
Karl Fritz
The Early-Modern Seacoast Defenses of Marseilles, Part I – 46
D.P. Kirchner and C.B. Robbins
Oahu’s First 16-inch Gun Battery: Edward B. Williston – 82
John D. Bennett & Bolling W. Smith

Reviews
Forts of the American Frontier 1776 – 1891: California, Oregon, Washington, and Alaska – 99
Naval Weapons of World War One
Guns, Torpedoes, Mines and ASW Weapons of All Nations: An Illustrated Directory – 100
The Frontiers of Imperial Rome – 101
Fort Baker through the Years: The Post, the Park, the Lodge – 102

Erratum – 103

Front Cover Photo
16-inch M1919 MII gun, Battery Williston, Fort Weaver, Oahu, T.H. Bolling Smith Collection

CD Journal Volume 26, Issue 2, May 2012

Articles
The Coast Artillery and the First Computer – 4
Karl Fritz
The Early-Modern Seacoast Defenses of Marseilles, Part II – 9
D.P. Kirchner and C.B. Robbins
Coast Defense and the Location of a Southern-Coast Navy Yard, 1889 – 44
Philip Sims
The Guns of Fort Worden – 49
Floyd Oles
Fort Tilden, NY – 58
William C. Gaines

Notes
Disorderly Troops from David’s Island? – 91
Courtesy of Michael Cavanaugh and the Fort Slocum Alumni & Friends
Addendum to The Japanese Naval Bombardment of Vladivostok, February 22 (March 6), 1904: an Analysis – 92
Roman S. Avilov, Vladimir I. Kalinin, and Nikolay B. Ayushyn

Reviews
Fighting for MacArthur: The Navy and Marine Corps Desperate Defense of the Philippines – 95
Bethlehem Steel: Builder and Arsenal of America – 96
The Way of Duty, Honor, Country: The Memoir of General Charles Pelot Summerall – 97
The Forts of the War of 1812 – 98
Run the Gauntlet: The Channel Dash 1942 – 99
Metz 1944: Patton’s Fortified Nemesis – 99

Front Cover Photo
1st Sergeant W.S. Allen, 10th Company, Coast Artillery Corps, Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, at the time of the inauguration of President William H. Taft, March 4, 1909. Bolling Smith Collection.

CD Journal Volume 26, Issue 3, August 2012

Articles
Naval Unit 1D, East Point, Nahant, Massachusetts, in World War Two, 1942-1945 – 4
Gerald W. Butler
Oneula Military Reservation – 34
John D. Bennett
The Fort Funston Panama Mounts of Battery Bluff – 51
Matthew W. Kent
Les Batteries de Rupture, Part I – 62
D.P. Kirchner

Reviews
Ramparts of Empire: The Fortifications of Sir William Jervois, Royal Engineer, 1821-1897 – 98
Shelldrake: Canadian Artillery Museums and Gun Monuments – 99
The Fall of the Philippines 1941-42 – 100
Underground Structures of the Cold War: The World Below – 102
Detroit’s Historic Fort Wayne – 102

Front Cover Photo
Brig. Gen. Benjamin O. Davis, 369th Coast Artillery (AA), NYNG, on Oct. 25, 1940, when he became the first African-American general in the U.S. Army. After his promotion and reassignment, the regiment was called into Federal service on January 13, 1941, serving in the Pacific Theater during World War II. AP Wirephoto.

CD Journal Volume 26, Issue 4, November 2012

Articles

The Board of Ordnance and Fortification – 4
Karl Fritz
Kahuku’s Defenses – 18
John D. Bennett
Reminiscences from the Philippines – 52
Charles H. Bogart
Les Batteries de Rupture, Part II – 71
D.P. Kirchner

Reviews
Defense of the Third Reich 1941-45, by Steven Zaloga – 99
The First Atlantic Wall, 1914-1918: The German Batteries on the Belgian Coast by Franck Vernier – 100

Errata – 100

Front Cover Photo
Ramming powder charge into Battery Smith No. 1, 12-inch BCLR, Fort Mills, P.I., January 7, 1932.
Note subcaliber gun and platform on top of carriage. Charles Bogart Collection.

CD Journal Volume 27, Issue 1, February 2013

Articles
The Chiyogasaki Turret – 4
D.P. Kirchner
Defending Boston: Antiaircraft Guns and Missiles at Nahant, MA – 32
Gerald W. Butler, Captain, M.S.G.

Reviews
The Defence of the Dardanelles: From Bombards to Battleships – 93
By Michael Forrest
War Plan Orange: The U.S. Strategy to Defeat Japan, 1897-1945 – 94
By Edward S. Miller
The Battle of Stonington: Torpedoes, Submarines, and Rockets in the War of 1812 – 95
By James Tertius de Kay
Fort Mott: Images of America – 96
By Andres G. Grant
Fort Delaware: Images of America – 97
By Laura M. Lee and Brendan Mackie
Fort DuPont: Images of America – 98
By Brendan Mackie, Peter Morrill, and Laura M. Lee
Fort Morgan: Images of America – 98
By Bob England, Jack Friend, Michael Bailey, and Blanton Blakenship
Fort Ontario: Guardian of the North: Images of America – 99
By George and Carol Reed

Front Cover Photo
Aerial view of Fort Pickens, FL, December 22, 1928. Of particular interest are the three fire control stations on the right. NARA Still Pictures, 342-FH #B17202.

CD Journal Volume 27, Issue 2, May 2013

Articles
The Harris Estate Observation and Radar Tower at Nahant, MA – 4
Gerald W. Butler
Corsica, Algeria, and Tunisia:
The Early-Modern Defenses of French Mediterranean Ports, Outside Metropolitan France – 51
D.P. Kirchner

Reviews
The Atlantic Wall: History and Guide – 97
By J.E. Kaufmann, H.W. Kaufmann, A. Jankovic Potocnik, and Vladimir Tonic
Fortifying Europes Soft Underbelly:
The Rupnik Line, the Valle Alpino and Other Fortifications of the Ljubljana Gap – 97
By Aleksander Jankovic Potocnik with Vladimir Tonic and Mateja Perpar
Sicily 1943: The Debut of Allied Joint Operations – 98
By Steven J. Zaloga
The Fall of Eban Emael: Belgium 1940 – 99
By Chris McNab
Clad in Iron: The American Civil War and the Challenge of British Naval Power – 100
By Howard J. Fuller
Images of America: Fort Monroe – 101
By Paul Morando and David J. Johnson
Images of America: Fort Story and Cape Henry – 101
By Fielding Lewis Tyler
Images of America: San Franciscos Presidio – 102
By Robert W. Bowen
Images of America: Fort McAllister – 102
By Roger S. Durham
Guardian of Savannah: Fort McAllister, Georgia, in the Civil War and Beyond – 103
By Roger S. Durham
Nahant’s Naval Secrets – 104
By Gerald W. Butler

Front Cover Photo
Maj. Gen. Arthur Murray. Chief of artillery, 1906; first chief of coast artillery, 1908;
promoted major general, 1911. NARA Still Pictures, 111-SC-WWI #83959.

CD Journal Volume 27, Issue 3, August 2013

Articles
Reminiscences of the U.S. Army Mine Planter Service – 4
Compiled by Charles H. Bogart
Battery Augustus P. Gardner, Nahant, Massachusetts – 56
Gerald W. Butler

Reviews
Confederate Torpedoes – 99
By Gabriel J. Rains and Peter S. Michie, edited by Herbert M. Schiller
Battleship Island: Alderney DVD video – 100
Produced by Alberto Tabone
Salerno 1943: The Allies Invade Southern Italy – 101
By Angus Konstam
Admiral David Dixon Porter: The Civil War Years – 102
By Chester G. Hearn

Front Cover Photo
The solitary M1895 16-inch gun on its M1912 disappearing carriage at Sandy Hook Proving Ground, NJ. U.S. Army Ordnance Museum.

CD Journal Volume 27, Issue 4, November 2013

Articles
Nike and Me – 4
Elliot Deutsch
Remembering the Coast Artillery – 34
Edited by Charles H. Bogart
Helping Derail the “Tokyo Express” Battery F, 244th Coast Artillery, on Guadalcanal – 52
William C. Gaines
Punchbowl Crater: The Sentry of Honolulu Harbor – 66
John D. Bennett
U.S. Navy Coastal Observers in World War II – 92
Bolling W. Smith

Reviews
The Naval Guns of the West Wall on the Upper Rhine: A Contribution to the History of the German Fortifications on the Upper Rhine – 94
By Sascha Kuhnert and Friedrich Wein
Tinclads in the Civil War: Union Light-Draught Gunboat Operations on Western Waters, 1862-1865 – 94
By Myron J. Smith, Jr.
Corregidor, a Then and Now Photo Study: A Photographic Record of the Rock, the Island that Guards Manila Bay – 95
By Guy Hall
Hitlers Atlantic Wall: Pas de Calais & Hitler’s Atlantic Wall: Normandy – 96
By Paul R. Williams
Aberdeen Proving Ground, Arcadia Images of America – 97
By Bill Bates
Fort Macon, Arcadia Images of America – 98
By Paul R. Branch Jr.

Front Cover Photo
“Ilene Woods, youthful radio singing starlet, salutes smartly after being commissioned an honorary first lieutenant of the 22nd Coast Artillery, by Col. Raymond A. Watt, commander of the Harbor Defenses, Portsmouth, N.H. Ilene, who is 18, won her commission for distinguished service above and beyond the call of duty, she was the only gal in the post’s all-soldier musical show, ‘Keep Mum, Chum’.” Ilene, a native of Portsmouth, later became famous as the voice of the title character in Walt Disney’s 1950 animated movie Cinderella. Disney and other sources list her date of birth as May 5, 1929, in which case she would have been 14 when this photo was taken on November 24, 1943.Acme Newspictures.

CD Journal Volume 28, Issue 1, February 2014

Articles
American Seacoast Artillery Turrets – 4
Bolling Smith
Willis Spitzer’s Recollections of Battery Townsley – 24
compiled from interviews by Brian Chinn and John Martini
Reminiscences of Fort Frank, Carabao Island,
Harbor Defenses of Manila and Subic Bays, 1941-42 – 33
John Perkowski, as related to George Munson
Reminiscences of Fort Hancock, NJ – 48
Exerpts from Grains of Sand, the Sandy Hook Veterans Historical Society, 1986-89
HSAC Cooks and Bakers School – 73
John D. Bennett
Reminiscences of Alexander Harrison Ywarsky – 80
Compiled by Charles H. Bogart

Reviews
Hurricane of Fire: The Union Assault on Fort Fisher – 98
By Charles M. Robinson III
Agents of Innovation: The General Board and the Design of the Fleet that Defeated the Japanese Navy – 99
By John T. Kuehn
Billy Pitt Had Them Built: Napoleonic Towers in Ireland – 100
By Bill Clements
Deutsche Artillerie: 1914-1918 – 100
By Wolfgang Fleischer

Front Cover Photo
Loading a 12-inch gun at Fort Hamilton, NY. This issue’s cover photos were taken by the Bain News Service during the June 1908 annual encampment of the 13th Artillery District, Coast Artillery Corps, New York National Guard.Library of Congress, LC-B2-409-3

CD Journal Volume 28, Issue 2, May 2014

Articles
Some Thoughts on Forts and Warships in the Civil War – 4
Bolling W. Smith
The Coast Artillery’s Secondary Mission in the Event of Invasion of Oahu – 14
John D. Bennett
U.S. Army Coast Artillery Corps and Antiaircraft Defense – 27
Mark A. Berhow
Nathan Bedford Forrest and His Mobile Coast Artillery – 70
Bolling W. Smith

Reviews
Fort Ruckman through Time – 80
By Gerald W. Butler
Fortifications in World War II, Volume 1 – 81
Ray Merriam, Series Editor
Watertown Arsenal – 82
By Alan E. Earls
West Point Foundry – 83
By Trudie A. Grace and Mark Forlow
42 cm “Big Bertha” and German Siege Artillery of World War I – 84
By Marc Romanych and Martin Rupp
German Naval Infantry in World War I – 85
By Dirk Rottgardt
Kriegsmarine en France: Marine-Flak-Artillerie Brest-Lorient-Saint-Nazaire – 85
By Alain Chazette
Operation Neptune 1944: D-Day’s Seaborne Armada – 86
By Ken Ford
Naval Anti-Aircraft Guns and Gunnery – 87
By Norman Friedman

William C. (Bill) Gaines – 88

The cover photos for this issue are all from the Harbor Defenses of Los Angeles and San Diego, the location of CDSG’s next annual conference, Oct. 1-5, 2014.

Front Cover Photo
Third Coast Artillery firing 14-inch railway gun, at a firing spur between Los Angeles and San Diego, June 1936. Casemate Museum, Ruhlen Collection

CD Journal Volume 28, Issue 3, August 2014

Articles
Coast Artillery Transport Detachments, Part I The Mainland Ports of Embarkation – 4
Bolling W. Smith
Kawailoa E Military Reservation – 58
John D. Bennett
With the New York National Guard Coast Artillery – 73
Francis McDonald, edited by Charles H. Bogart
The Reminiscences of Raymond Bogart – 76
as told to Charles H. Bogart

Reviews
The U.S. Army Barrage Balloon Program, by James R. Shock – 78
Hitler’s Fortresses German Fortifications and Defences 1939-45, edited by Chris McNab – 79
A Sound Defense Military Historical Sites of Puget Sound, by Nancy L. McDaniel – 80
The Americans on D-Day A Photographic History of the Normandy Invasion – 81
by Martin K.A. Morgan
U.S. Army Soldiers and their Chevrons An Illustrated Catalog and History from the Revolutionary War to Present – 82
by William K. Emerson
Atlantikwall Batteries and Bunkers, by Rudi Rolf – 83
Battle Ready The National Coast Defense System and the Fortification of Puget Sound, 1894-1925 – 84
by David M. Hansen
The Fate of the Belgian Forts under the Blows of the Big Bertha Liege – Namur – Antwerp – 85
by Franck Vernier

Emmanuel Raymond Lewis – 86

All of this issues cover photos are from an album taken during World War II by Loren Stickley at Battery Brodie, an 8-inch naval turret battery on Oahu, and kindly shared by his son, Hal Stickley. A barber by trade, Loren became the battery barber and the loaner of money. He said he got it all back but $10.

Front Cover:
A coast artilleryman assigned to Battery Brodie is ready to meet the foe.

CD Journal Volume 28, Issue 4, November 2014

Articles
Kawailoa Battle Position 8-inch Railway Guns – 4
John D. Bennett
Coast Artillery Transport Detachments – 14
Part II – the Southwest Pacific Area
Bolling Smith
The CACs 3rd Lieutenants – 58
Charles H. Bogart
Floyd Oles: A Doughboy Remembers the C.A.C. – 63
Edited by Charles H. Bogart
A Letter to a Former Chief of Coast Artillery, 1943 – 66

Reviews
A History of Florida Forts Florida’s Lonely Outposts by Alejandro M. de Quesada – 75
A History of Georgia Forts Georgia’s Lonely Outposts by Alejandro M. de Quesada – 76
Blazing Skies From Ajax to Zeus by CWA Jack K. Emry (ret.) – 77
Axis Midget Submarines 1939-45 by Jamie Prenatt and Mark Stille – 78
Essex at War by Michael Foley – 79
Martello Towers by Michael Foley – 80
Organization Todt From Autobahns to the Atlantic Wall edited by John Christopher – 81
Fort Adams A History by John T. Duchesneau and Kathleen Troost-Cramer – 82
A Century of Service The U.S. Navy on Cape Henlopen, Lewes, Delaware: 1898-1996 – 83
by William H. Manthorpe, Jr.
Eisenbahnartillerie Einsatzgeschichte der deutschen Eisenbahnartillerie im Westen 1940-1945 – 84
by Wolfgang Guckelhorn and Detlev Paul

November Cover Photos
Front Cover: 12-inch M1895 gun on M1917 barbette carriage at Battery Foote, Fort Levett, ME, 1928.
Bolling Smith Collection.

All of this issues cover photos are from the 1928 ROTC camp at Fort Williams, HD Portland, ME.
The photo album belonged to Cadet Stanley Francis Szlosek, of the University of New Hampshire.
In 1930, Szlosek was commissioned in the Organized Reserves as a second lieutenant, C.A.C.

CD Journal Volume 29, Issue 1, February 2015

Articles
P-2A Pillboxes – 4
Gerald Butler
Interview with Sergeant Harlow A. Yaeger – 10
Recorded by Charles H. Bogart
Cpl. Paul L. Aillery and the C.A.C. on Ascension Island – 13
Edited by Charles H. Bogart
Reminiscences of Capt. Lloyd H. Goad, MC, A Survivor of Fort Frank – 18
Edited by Charles H. Bogart
Seacoast Defense and the Delaware – 26
Chapter One: Amateurs, Revolutionaries, and the First Defenses of the Delaware
Chapter Two: The New Nation Defends Its Capital
Stephen Conrad
The Breakers Hotel Base End Station, Long Beach, California – 66
Charles H. Bogart

Reviews
Coastal Guns in Finland, by Ove Engqvist – 72
The Forts & Fortifications of Europe 1815-1945 The Central States –
Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Czechoslovakia, by J.E. Kaufmann and H.W. Kaufmann – 73
The Forts & Fortifications of Europe 1815-1945 The Neutral States –
The Netherlands, Belgium and Switzerland by J.E. Kaufmann and H.W. Kaufmann – 74
To Defend and Deter The Legacy of the United States Cold War Missile Program
by John C. Lonnquest and David F. Winkler – 75
The Fragile Forts The Fixed Defences of Sydney Harbour 1788-1963 by Peter Oppenheim – 76
A World unto Itself The Remarkable History of Plum Island, New York
by Ruth Ann Bramson, Geoffrey K. Fleming, and Amy Kasuga Folk – 77
The Devil’s Garden Rommel’s Desperate Defense of Omaha Beach on D-Day by Steven Zaloga – 78
Mur de l’Atlantique – Batteries de Cote Serie 600: Atlantic Wall – 600-Series Coast Batteries by Alain Chazette – 79
The Last Stand Northeastern Europe by Marc Wilson – 80

February Cover Photos
Front: Fort Mott, September 4, 1936. NARA Still Pictures, RG 342-FH, B18066.
Rear: Fort Saulsbury, September 3, 1940. NARA Still Pictures, RG 342-FH, B182545.

CD Journal Volume 29, Issue 2, May 2015

Articles
Fort Cronkhite Antiaircraft Battery No.1 – 4
Matthew W. Kent
American Seacoast Defense and the Delaware, Chapter 3 – 21
Stephen Conrad
American Seacoast Defense and the Delaware, Chapter 4 – 43
Stephen Conrad
With Colonel Johoji to His Turret: A Visit to Japanese Seacoast Fortifications – 60
D.P. Kirchner

Reviews
Beaches, Fields, Streets, and Hills: The Anti-Invasion Landscapes of England, 1940 Â CBA Research Report, Book 144, by William Foot – 78
Fort Pulaski, by John Walker Guss – 79
Petrol – Bombs – Bunkers. The Air-Raid Shelters of the German Petro-Chemical Industry in World War Two, by Michael Foedrowitz – 80

February Front Cover Photo
First class gunner, mine company, 133rd Co., C.A.C., Fort Terry, NY, pre-WWI. Bolling Smith Collection.

CD Journal Volume 29, Issue 3, August 2015

Articles
Guarding the Gibraltar of the Caribbean:
The Coastal Defenses of Puerto Rico during World War Two – 4
Gerardo M. Pinero Cadiz, Ph.D.
Fifth Marine Defense Battalion in Iceland – 36
Charles H. Bogart
Fort Adams: The Grandest Fort in the Third System – 39
John Weaver
World War II Fire Control Stations in the Harbor Defenses of San Francisco – 55
Bolling W. Smith
Interview with Brigadier General Milton L. Ogden – 77
Recorded by Charles H. Bogart

Reviews
Festung Guernsey – Fortress Guernsey – 80

February Front Cover Photo
Sub-caliber practice with 6-inch M1903 gun on M1903 disappearing carriage,
Battery Cornelius Tolles, Fort Worden, WA, July 1912. Bolling Smith Collection, courtesy of David Kirchner

CD Journal Volume 29, Issue 4, November 2015

Articles
The Early-Modern Seacoast Defenses of France: Part 1 – 4
David P. Kirchner
Concrete Pillboxes of Shemya Island, Alaska – 33
Gerald Butler
Temporary Harbor Defenses of Hilo, Hawaii, T.H. 1941-1944 – 46
John D. Bennett
Fire Control Basics – 70
Bolling Smith

Reviews
River Wide, Ocean Deep: A New Perspective on Operation Sea Lion – 73
By Fred Leander
Regelbauten: Atlantic Wall Typology – 76
By Rudi Rolf
Historia de la Artilleria de Costa Espanola – 77
By General Editor Aurelio Valdes Sanchez
Germany’s East Wall in World War II – 78
By Neil Short
Festung Guernsey – Fortress Guernsey – 79

February Front Cover Photo
3rd Company, Coast Artillery Reserve Corps, practicing at Battery Ash, Fort Worden, WA, CD of Puget Sound, 1912. Bolling Smith Collection, courtesy of David Kirchner.

CD Journal Volume 30, Issue 1, February 2016

Articles

  • American Seacoast Defense and the Delaware by Stephen Conrad, Chapter 5: The Board of Engineers, Bernard, Totten, and a National Military Policy – 4
  • American Seacoast Defense and the Delaware by Stephen Conrad, Chapter 6: The Three Forts Delaware: Sinking Money and Time into the Pea Patch – 18
  • Coastal Fortifications in Xiamen, China by Piotr Kurzawa – 48

Reviews

  • The Forts of Maine: Silent Sentinels of the Pine Tree State  By Harry Garwick – 86
  • The Atlantic Wall (3): The Sudwall  By Steven J. Zaloga – 87
  • The Illustrated Fort Rosecrans  By Kenneth Glaze – 88

Front Cover Photo
Capt. William C. Jones, Battery D, 250th Coast Artillery, California National Guard. Born 1891, appointed 2nd lieutenant 1925; captain 1927, died 1976. Bolling Smith Collection.

CD Journal Volume 30, Issue 2, May 2016

Articles

  • Defending the Hawaii North Shores Access to Pearl Harbor by John D. Bennett – 4
  • The Early-Modern Seacoast Defenses of Cherbourg, France by D.P. Kirchner – 34
  • Dad’s Service in the Coast Artillery  by Jim Rhett – 73
  • The Destruction of USS Dai Ching, January 27, 1865  by Bolling W. Smith – 80
  • The Red-Leg Infantry of the 45th Coast Artillery Brigade in Italy by Charles H. Bogart – 85

Reviews

  • Railway Guns of World War II by Steven J. Zaloga – 88

Front Cover Photo
M1919MII 16-inch gun on M1919 barbette carriage, Emplacement No. 1, Battery Henry L. Harris, Fort Tilden, NY, 1936. Photo by Fred Baldwin, Bolling Smith Collection.

CD Journal Volume 30, Issue 3, August 2016

Articles

  • A Shot across the Bow: Germany Challenges U.S. Coast Defenses at San Juan, Puerto Rico by Charles H. Bogart – 4
  • Station Podmore Position Finding Complex: Ka’Iwa Hills, Kailua, Oahu, HI  by John D. Bennett – 9
  • Fort Hindman, Arkansas Post, January 11, 1863 by Bolling W. Smith – 15
  • West Battery and Fort Scott Endicott Batteries Construction, Evolution, and Modification by John Martini – 30
  • The Bolinas Military Reservation by Matthew W. Kent – 66

Reviews

  • A Hero for All Time: A Decorated Soldier of World War I, Mathew L. English from Fort Casey, Washington By Anita Burdette-Dragoo – 81
  • Forts of the American Revolution 1775-83 By René Chartrand – 82
  • Fort Point National Historic Site By John A. Martini- 83
  • American Breechloading Mobile Artillery 1875-1953, An Illustrated Identification Guide By Glen M. Williford with Thomas D. Batha – 84

Front Cover Photo

90 mm M1 AMTB gun on M3 mount, July 3, 1943. U.S. Army Ordnance Museum.

CD Journal Volume 30, Issue 4, November 2016

Articles

  • The Frank Valley Military Reservation by Matthew W. Kent – 4
  • Kirby Cove, Marin Headlands, California by John A. Martini – 17
  • The Third System and Its Critics: The Effectiveness of Antebellum National Defense Policy by Mark A. Smith – 38
  • American Coast Artillery in Cuba 1898 – 1904 by Charles H. Bogart & Bolling Smith – 69
  • The Defense of Cavite by Charles H. Bogart – 75

Reviews

  • TM 4-250 – Flak Analysis – 81
  • Eastern Fortress: A Military History of Hong Kong, 1840-1970 By Kwong Chi Man and Tsoi Yiu Lun – 80
  • The Hindenburg Line By Patrick Osborn and Marc Romanych – 82
  • World War II and the Delaware Coast By Michael Morgan – 84

Front Cover Photo

Prototype 6-inch M1897 disappearing gun, Sandy Hook Proving Ground, NJ. U.S. Army Ordnance Museum.

CD Journal Volume 31, Issue 1, February 2017

Articles

  • Antiaircraft Gun Emplacements on Oahu, T.H. 1941 – 1945, by John D. Bennett – 4
  • Fort Mills Air Operations, 1913-1929, by William Cahill – 20
  • Three Rutherford Boys Remember their Childhood on Corregidor, As told to Charles H. Bogart – 53
  • US Army Engineers against Japan: Corregidor, 1945, by Charles H. Bogart – 62
  • The Coast Artillery on the Mexican Border, by Charles H. Bogart – 67
  • The Canadian SAGE Direction Center, North Bay, Ontario, by Charles H. Bogart – 72

Reviews

  • Armoured Trains: An Illustrated Encyclopedia 1825-2016, By Paul Malmassari – 76
  • Coast Defense Military Reservations of Northern Marin County, By Matthew Kent – 77
  • We March Against England: Operation Sea Lion, 1940-1941, By Robert Forczyk– 78
  • The Bofors Gun, By Terry Gander– 80

Front Cover Photo

George W. Ruhlen, jr., was probably the most prolific photographer in the Coast Artillery Corps, and he left a collection of photos of coast artillery posts he served at during his long career. Here, he apparently arranged for someone else to take his picture as he observed the target practice of the 261st Coast Artillery Bn, at Fort Miles, DE, in 1941, using an M1910 azimuth instrument. All four cover photos in this issue are from Colonel Ruhlen’s collection at the Casemate Museum, Fort Monroe, VA.

CD Journal Volume 31, Issue 2, May 2017

Articles

  • Quartermaster General Standard Plans: Non-Tactical Structures at Coast Defense Installations, by Quentin Schillare – 4
  • Reminisces of Colonel Joseph B. Yost, As told to Charles H. Bogart – 22
  • 1st Lt. Robert L. Osbourn and the 92nd Coast Artillery (PS), Edited by Charles H. Bogart – 26
  • WWII Vestige of the Sudwall (Mediterranean Wall): The Fire Control Post of Fenouil Battery in Marseille,  by Bernard Descales & Nicolas Faucherre – 30
  • Hill 640 Military Reservation, Matthew W. Kent  – 45
  • A Set of World War I Dog Tags, by Charles H. Bogart – 75
  • The Army Beefsteak, by Carl E. Cary, 108th Co., C.A.C.  – 80

Reviews

  • We Shall Fight Them, By Ian Lofting – 77
  • Within Fort Sumter, Or a View of Major Anderson’s Family for One Hundred and Ten Days,  By One of the Company (Miss A. Fletcher) – 78
  • Hitler’s Atlantic Wall: From Southern France to Northern Norway, Yesterday and Today, By George Forty, Leo Mariott, and Simon Forty – 79

Erratum … 80

Front Cover Photo

M1895 MI 12-inch gun on M1901 disappearing carriage, Battery Kinzie Gun No. 1, Fort Worden, WA, c. 1917. Bolling Smith Collection.

CD Journal Volume 31, Issue 3, August 2017

Articles

  • Coast Artillery Telephones, Part 1: 1898 to 1915 by Bolling W. Smith- 4
  • An Interesting Instrument Pedestal at Fort Casey, WA by Greg Hagge – 59
  • Status of Seacoast Defenses, 1898 by John M. Wilson, chief of engineers – 67

Reviews

  • Armour Forte and Trench Shelters: German Imperial Fortifications 1870 – 1918 By Rudi Rolf – 78
  • Once Upon an Island By Matilda Silvia – 79

Front Cover Photo

Dummy 12-inch projectile being brought out of the magazine on shot truck at Battery Anderson-Ruggles, Fort Monroe, VA. Soldier is wearing EE-70 headset connected to gun telephone in niche, with cover closed. A time-interval bell is next to the telephone, April 1918. Archives II, Still Pictures, 111-SC-9675.